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Supplementary Information from Sperm-Associated Antigen 9 Is Associated With Tumor Growth, Migration, and Invasion in Renal Cell Carcinoma

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posted on 2023-03-30, 18:32 authored by Manoj Garg, Deepika Kanojia, Aashima Khosla, Namrata Dudha, Satish Sati, Dipak Chaurasiya, Nirmala Jagadish, Amlesh Seth, Rajive Kumar, Samir Gupta, Anju Gupta, Nirmal Kumar Lohiya, Anil Suri
Supplementary Information from Sperm-Associated Antigen 9 Is Associated With Tumor Growth, Migration, and Invasion in Renal Cell Carcinoma

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) represents one of the most resistant tumors to radiation and chemotherapy. Current therapies for RCC patients are inefficient due to the lack of diagnostic and therapeutic markers. Our recent studies have suggested an association of sperm-associated antigen 9 (SPAG9) with ovarian carcinomas. In the present study, we investigated the clinical relevance of SPAG9 in RCC patients. RT-PCR analysis showed expression of SPAG9 transcript in RCC tissues and RCC cell lines. In situ RNA hybridization and immunohistochemistry analyses confirmed the expression of SPAG9 in 88% of cancer patients, suggesting that SPAG9 participates in renal cancer. In addition, immunoblotting and ELISA analyses revealed a humoral immune response against SPAG9 in the sera of RCC patients but not in healthy individuals. Consistent with the clinical findings, knockdown of SPAG9 expression in RCC cells with specific siRNA significantly reduced cell growth and colony formation. Using in vitro wound healing and Matrigel invasion assays, we found that cell migration and invasive ability were also significantly inhibited. Furthermore, in vivo xenograft studies in nude mice revealed that administration of a SPAG9 siRNA plasmid significantly inhibited tumor growth. In conclusion, SPAG9 expression is associated with clinicopathologic features of tumors, suggesting that SPAG9 could contribute to the early spread of cancer. These results indicate that SPAG9 may have a role in tumor development and metastasis and thus could serve as a novel target for early detection and treatment of RCC. [Cancer Res 2008;68(20):8240–8]

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