American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figures from mTOR Inhibition Specifically Sensitizes Colorectal Cancers with KRAS or BRAF Mutations to BCL-2/BCL-XL Inhibition by Suppressing MCL-1

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 20:49 authored by Anthony C. Faber, Erin M. Coffee, Carlotta Costa, Anahita Dastur, Hiromichi Ebi, Aaron N. Hata, Alan T. Yeo, Elena J. Edelman, Youngchul Song, Ah Ting Tam, Jessica L. Boisvert, Randy J. Milano, Jatin Roper, David P. Kodack, Rakesh K. Jain, Ryan B. Corcoran, Miguel N. Rivera, Sridhar Ramaswamy, Kenneth E. Hung, Cyril H. Benes, Jeffrey A. Engelman

PDF file 764K, Supp. Figures 1-10 include data describing in vitro and in vivo experiments in support of Faber at al



Colorectal cancers harboring KRAS or BRAF mutations are refractory to current targeted therapies. Using data from a high-throughput drug screen, we have developed a novel therapeutic strategy that targets the apoptotic machinery using the BCL-2 family inhibitor ABT-263 (navitoclax) in combination with a TORC1/2 inhibitor, AZD8055. This combination leads to efficient apoptosis specifically in KRAS- and BRAF-mutant but not wild-type (WT) colorectal cancer cells. This specific susceptibility results from TORC1/2 inhibition leading to suppression of MCL-1 expression in mutant, but not WT, colorectal cancers, leading to abrogation of BIM/MCL-1 complexes. This combination strategy leads to tumor regressions in both KRAS-mutant colorectal cancer xenograft and genetically engineered mouse models of colorectal cancer, but not in the corresponding KRAS-WT colorectal cancer models. These data suggest that the combination of BCL-2/BCL-XL inhibitors with TORC1/2 inhibitors constitutes a promising targeted therapy strategy to treat these recalcitrant cancers.Significance: Effective targeted therapies directed against colorectal cancer with activating mutations in KRAS remain elusive. We have leveraged drug-screen data from a large panel of human colorectal cancers to uncover an effective, rational targeted therapy strategy that has preferential activity in colorectal cancers with KRAS or BRAF mutations. This combination may be developed for clinical testing. Cancer Discov; 4(1); 42–52. ©2013 AACR.See related commentary by Russo et al., p. 19This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1

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