American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr202357-sup-245493_2_supp_7025135_qqv37y.pdf (829.82 kB)

Supplementary Figures from Dual Targeting of Chromatin Stability By The Curaxin CBL0137 and Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Panobinostat Shows Significant Preclinical Efficacy in Neuroblastoma

Download (829.82 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 22:48 authored by Lin Xiao, Klaartje Somers, Jayne Murray, Ruby Pandher, Mawar Karsa, Emma Ronca, Angelika Bongers, Rachael Terry, Anahid Ehteda, Laura D. Gamble, Natalia Issaeva, Katerina I. Leonova, Aisling O'Connor, Chelsea Mayoh, Pooja Venkat, Hazel Quek, Jennifer Brand, Frances K. Kusuma, Jessica A. Pettitt, Erin Mosmann, Adam Kearns, Georgina Eden, Stephanie Alfred, Sophie Allan, Lei Zhai, Alvin Kamili, Andrew J. Gifford, Daniel R. Carter, Michelle J. Henderson, Jamie I. Fletcher, Glenn Marshall, Ricky W. Johnstone, Anthony J. Cesare, David S. Ziegler, Andrei V. Gudkov, Katerina V. Gurova, Murray D. Norris, Michelle Haber

Supplementary Figures S1-S16


Cancer Institute NSW

Neuroblastoma Australia

Kids Cancer Alliance

Tenix Foundation

Anthony Rothe Memorial Trust

Cancer Australia

The Kids' Cancer Project

National Health and Medical Research Council

Goodridge Foundation

Stanford Brown, Inc (Sydney, Australia)


Cancer Council NSW

Tour de Cure



We investigated whether targeting chromatin stability through a combination of the curaxin CBL0137 with the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, panobinostat, constitutes an effective multimodal treatment for high-risk neuroblastoma. The effects of the drug combination on cancer growth were examined in vitro and in animal models of MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma. The molecular mechanisms of action were analyzed by multiple techniques including whole transcriptome profiling, immune deconvolution analysis, immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, assays to assess cell growth and apoptosis, and a range of cell-based reporter systems to examine histone eviction, heterochromatin transcription, and chromatin compaction. The combination of CBL0137 and panobinostat enhanced nucleosome destabilization, induced an IFN response, inhibited DNA damage repair, and synergistically suppressed cancer cell growth. Similar synergistic effects were observed when combining CBL0137 with other HDAC inhibitors. The CBL0137/panobinostat combination significantly delayed cancer progression in xenograft models of poor outcome high-risk neuroblastoma. Complete tumor regression was achieved in the transgenic Th-MYCN neuroblastoma model which was accompanied by induction of a type I IFN and immune response. Tumor transplantation experiments further confirmed that the presence of a competent adaptive immune system component allowed the exploitation of the full potential of the drug combination. The combination of CBL0137 and panobinostat is effective and well-tolerated in preclinical models of aggressive high-risk neuroblastoma, warranting further preclinical and clinical investigation in other pediatric cancers. On the basis of its potential to boost IFN and immune responses in cancer models, the drug combination holds promising potential for addition to immunotherapies.