American Association for Cancer Research
23266066cir210014-sup-258586_3_supp_7042557_qt26pr.pdf (1.56 MB)

Supplementary Figures and Tables from Arid5a Promotes Immune Evasion by Augmenting Tryptophan Metabolism and Chemokine Expression

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-04, 01:25 authored by Gyanu Parajuli, Murat Tekguc, James B. Wing, Ari Hashimoto, Daisuke Okuzaki, Takeshi Hirata, Atsushi Sasaki, Takahide Itokazu, Haruka Handa, Hirokazu Sugino, Yoshihiro Nishikawa, Hozaifa Metwally, Yuzo Kodama, Shinya Tanaka, Hisataka Sabe, Toshihide Yamashita, Shimon Sakaguchi, Tadamitsu Kishimoto, Shigeru Hashimoto

Supplementary Figures 1-8 and Tables 1-3


Kishimoto Foundation

Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture of Japan

KAKENHI Research Activity Start-up grant



The acquisition of mesenchymal traits leads to immune evasion in various cancers, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we found that the expression levels of AT-rich interaction domain-containing protein 5a (Arid5a), an RNA-binding protein, were substantially increased in mesenchymal tumor subtypes. The deletion of Arid5a in tumor cell lines enhanced antitumor immunity in immunocompetent mice, but not in immunodeficient mice, suggesting a role for Arid5a in immune evasion. Furthermore, an Arid5a-deficient tumor microenvironment was shown to have robust antitumor immunity, as manifested by suppressed infiltration of granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells and regulatory T cells. In addition, infiltrated T cells were more cytotoxic and less exhausted. Mechanistically, Arid5a stabilized Ido1 and Ccl2 mRNAs and augmented their expression, resulting in enhanced tryptophan catabolism and an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Thus, our findings demonstrate the role of Arid5a beyond inflammatory diseases and suggest Arid5a as a promising target for the treatment of immunotolerant malignant tumors.See related Spotlight by Van den Eynde, p. 854.

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