American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figures S1 - S16 from Evolution of Neoantigen Landscape during Immune Checkpoint Blockade in Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

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posted on 2023-04-03, 21:05 authored by Valsamo Anagnostou, Kellie N. Smith, Patrick M. Forde, Noushin Niknafs, Rohit Bhattacharya, James White, Theresa Zhang, Vilmos Adleff, Jillian Phallen, Neha Wali, Carolyn Hruban, Violeta B. Guthrie, Kristen Rodgers, Jarushka Naidoo, Hyunseok Kang, William Sharfman, Christos Georgiades, Franco Verde, Peter Illei, Qing Kay Li, Edward Gabrielson, Malcolm V. Brock, Cynthia A. Zahnow, Stephen B. Baylin, Robert B. Scharpf, Julie R. Brahmer, Rachel Karchin, Drew M. Pardoll, Victor E. Velculescu

Supplementary Figure S1. Computed Tomographic (CT) findings in patient CGLU116. Supplementary Figure S2. CT findings in patient CGLU127. Supplementary Figure S3. CT findings in patient CGLU161. Supplementary Figure S4. Tumor burden kinetics. Supplementary Figure S5. Neoantigen-specific TCR expansion in stimulated T cell cultures for patient CGLU127. Supplementary Figure S6. Neoantigen-specific TCR expansion in stimulated T cell cultures for patient CGLU161. Supplementary Figure S7. Loss of heterozygosity analyses for patient CGLU116. Supplementary Figure S8. Loss of heterozygosity analyses for patient CGLU117. Supplementary Figure S9. Loss of heterozygosity analyses for patient CGLU127. Supplementary Figure S10. Loss of heterozygosity analyses for patient CGLU161. Supplementary Figure S11. TCR clonality analyses for patients CGLU127 and CGLU161. Supplementary Figure S12. TCR clonality analyses for a responder and a non-responder to PD-1 blockade. Supplementary Figure S13. PD-L1 expression in responsive and resistant tumors. Supplementary Figure S14. Eliminated mutations for case CGHN2. Supplementary Figure S15. Comparison of five methods for estimation of tumor purity. Supplementary Figure S16. CD8+ T cell density in resistant tumors.

Funding

U.S. NIH

Commonwealth Foundation

The Bloomberg-Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy

Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. Adelson Medical Research Foundation

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-American College of Radiology Imaging Network

MacMillan Foundation

William R. Brody Faculty Scholarship

LUNGevity Foundation

Stand Up To Cancer-American Cancer Society Lung Cancer Dream Team Translational Research Grant

Stand Up To Cancer-Dutch Cancer Society International Translational Cancer Research Dream Team Grant

NCI Experimental Therapeutics Clinical Trials Network

American Association for Cancer Research

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown significant therapeutic responses against tumors containing increased mutation-associated neoantigen load. We have examined the evolving landscape of tumor neoantigens during the emergence of acquired resistance in patients with non–small cell lung cancer after initial response to immune checkpoint blockade with anti–PD-1 or anti–PD-1/anti–CTLA-4 antibodies. Analyses of matched pretreatment and resistant tumors identified genomic changes resulting in loss of 7 to 18 putative mutation-associated neoantigens in resistant clones. Peptides generated from the eliminated neoantigens elicited clonal T-cell expansion in autologous T-cell cultures, suggesting that they generated functional immune responses. Neoantigen loss occurred through elimination of tumor subclones or through deletion of chromosomal regions containing truncal alterations, and was associated with changes in T-cell receptor clonality. These analyses provide insight into the dynamics of mutational landscapes during immune checkpoint blockade and have implications for the development of immune therapies that target tumor neoantigens.Significance: Acquired resistance to immune checkpoint therapy is being recognized more commonly. This work demonstrates for the first time that acquired resistance to immune checkpoint blockade can arise in association with the evolving landscape of mutations, some of which encode tumor neoantigens recognizable by T cells. These observations imply that widening the breadth of neoantigen reactivity may mitigate the development of acquired resistance. Cancer Discov; 7(3); 264–76. ©2017 AACR.See related commentary by Yang, p. 250.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 235

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