American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr101587-sup-supplementary_data.pdf (4.57 MB)

Supplementary Figures S1-S12 from Nutlin-3a Is a Potential Therapeutic for Ewing Sarcoma

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 16:45 authored by Kathleen I. Pishas, Fares Al-Ejeh, Irene Zinonos, Raman Kumar, Andreas Evdokiou, Michael P. Brown, David F. Callen, Paul M. Neilsen

Supplementary Figures S1-S12.



Purpose: Although mutations in the TP53 gene occur in half of all cancers, approximately 90% of Ewing sarcomas retain a functional wild-type p53. The low frequency of TP53 alterations in Ewing sarcoma makes this tumor type an ideal candidate for p53-targeted therapies. In this study, we have examined the molecular and cellular responses of cultured Ewing sarcoma cell lines following exposure to Nutlin-3a, a recently developed MDM2 antagonist.Experimental Design: The ability of Nutlin-3a to impart apoptosis or cell cycle arrest in a p53-dependent manner was determined in a comprehensive panel of Ewing sarcoma cell lines. The capacity of Nutlin-3a to augment the antitumor activity of MDM4 antagonists and cytotoxic agents currently used in the clinical treatment of Ewing sarcoma was also investigated.Results: Apoptosis was the primary response of wild-type p53 expressing Ewing sarcoma cell lines. The cytotoxicity of Nultin-3a was also synergistic with the chemotherapeutic agents, vincristine, actinomycin D, doxorubicin, and etoposide in a concentration-dependent manner. Significant MDM4 protein overexpression was observed in Ewing sarcoma cell lines of wild-type p53 status, providing a mechanism through which Ewing sarcomas can develop in the absence of TP53 alterations. This study provides the first evidence of synergism between targeted inhibition of MDM2 and MDM4.Conclusion: Our findings suggest that p53-dependent apoptosis is the primary cellular response of Ewing sarcoma cell lines following exposure to Nutlin-3a. Furthermore, Nutlin-3a can synergize with the current Ewing sarcoma chemotherapy protocols, suggesting p53 activation as a novel systemic therapeutic approach for this disease. Clin Cancer Res; 17(3); 494–504. ©2010 AACR.

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