American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr121072-sup-ccr-12-1072fig1-4.pdf (595.97 kB)

Supplementary Figures 2 - 4 from Ras-Driven Transcriptome Analysis Identifies Aurora Kinase A as a Potential Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor Therapeutic Target

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 17:11 authored by Ami V. Patel, David Eaves, Walter J. Jessen, Tilat A. Rizvi, Jeffrey A. Ecsedy, Mark G. Qian, Bruce J. Aronow, John P. Perentesis, Eduard Serra, Timothy P. Cripe, Shyra J. Miller, Nancy Ratner

PDF file, 595K, Supplementary Figure S2. Gene Interaction Network of 339 Ras-Driven Genes Differentially Expressed in Mouse or Human Neurofibromas or MPNSTs. Supplementary Figure S3. Dot plot showing qPCR DNA-copy number results for AURKA gene locus in 37 samples analyzed. Supplementary Figure S4. Expressional down regulation or inhibition of Aurora Kinase Reduces Survival in MPNST Cells.



Purpose: Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) develop malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST), which are often inoperable and do not respond well to current chemotherapies or radiation. The goal of this study was to use comprehensive gene expression analysis to identify novel therapeutic targets.Experimental Design: Nerve Schwann cells and/or their precursors are the tumorigenic cell types in MPNST because of the loss of the NF1 gene, which encodes the RasGAP protein neurofibromin. Therefore, we created a transgenic mouse model, CNP-HRas12V, expressing constitutively active HRas in Schwann cells and defined a Ras-induced gene expression signature to drive a Bayesian factor regression model analysis of differentially expressed genes in mouse and human neurofibromas and MPNSTs. We tested functional significance of Aurora kinase overexpression in MPNST in vitro and in vivo using Aurora kinase short hairpin RNAs (shRNA) and compounds that inhibit Aurora kinase.Results: We identified 2,000 genes with probability of linkage to nerve Ras signaling of which 339 were significantly differentially expressed in mouse and human NF1-related tumor samples relative to normal nerves, including Aurora kinase A (AURKA). AURKA was dramatically overexpressed and genomically amplified in MPNSTs but not neurofibromas. Aurora kinase shRNAs and Aurora kinase inhibitors blocked MPNST cell growth in vitro. Furthermore, an AURKA selective inhibitor, MLN8237, stabilized tumor volume and significantly increased survival of mice with MPNST xenografts.Conclusion: Integrative cross-species transcriptome analyses combined with preclinical testing has provided an effective method for identifying candidates for molecular-targeted therapeutics. Blocking Aurora kinases may be a viable treatment platform for MPNST. Clin Cancer Res; 18(18); 5020–30. ©2012 AACR.

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