PDF - 410K, Molecular and functional heterogeneity of TAM and TADC subsets in 3LL-R tumors (S1); Characterization of the myeloid cell infiltrate in orthotopic 3LL-R tumors and effect of tumor growth on the lung macrophage subsets (S2); Intratumoral localization of the distinct myeloid cell subpopulations in 3LL-R tumors (S3); PHD2-haplodeficiency increases tumor vessel perfusion and vessel coverage in 3LL-R tumors (S4); Expression of hypoxia-regulated proteins in sorted TAM (S5).
ARTICLE ABSTRACTTumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are exposed to multiple microenvironmental cues in tumors, which collaborate to endow these cells with protumoral activities. Hypoxia, caused by an imbalance in oxygen supply and demand because of a poorly organized vasculature, is often a prominent feature in solid tumors. However, to what extent tumor hypoxia regulates the TAM phenotype in vivo is unknown. Here, we show that the myeloid infiltrate in mouse lung carcinoma tumors encompasses two morphologically distinct CD11bhiF4/80hiLy6Clo TAM subsets, designated as MHC-IIlo and MHC-IIhi TAM, both of which were derived from tumor-infiltrating Ly6Chi monocytes. MHC-IIlo TAM express higher levels of prototypical M2 markers and reside in more hypoxic regions. Consequently, MHC-IIlo TAM contain higher mRNA levels for hypoxia-regulated genes than their MHC-IIhi counterparts. To assess the in vivo role of hypoxia on these TAM features, cancer cells were inoculated in prolyl hydroxylase domain 2 (PHD2)-haplodeficient mice, resulting in better-oxygenated tumors. Interestingly, reduced tumor hypoxia did not alter the relative abundance of TAM subsets nor their M2 marker expression, but specifically lowered hypoxia-sensitive gene expression and angiogenic activity in the MHC-IIlo TAM subset. The same observation in PHD2+/+→ PHD2+/− bone marrow chimeras also suggests organization of a better-oxygenized microenvironment. Together, our results show that hypoxia is not a major driver of TAM subset differentiation, but rather specifically fine-tunes the phenotype of M2-like MHC-IIlo TAM. Cancer Res; 74(1); 24–30. ©2013 AACR.