American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can122357-sup-can-12-2357fig1-4.pdf (304.09 kB)

Supplementary Figures 1 - 4 from Efficacy and Mechanism-of-Action of a Novel Superagonist Interleukin-15: Interleukin-15 Receptor αSu/Fc Fusion Complex in Syngeneic Murine Models of Multiple Myeloma

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 21:27 authored by Wenxin Xu, Monica Jones, Bai Liu, Xiaoyun Zhu, Christopher B. Johnson, Ana C. Edwards, Lin Kong, Emily K. Jeng, Kaiping Han, Warren D. Marcus, Mark P. Rubinstein, Peter R. Rhode, Hing C. Wong

PDF file - 304K, Growth pattern of 5T33P murine myeloma cells in BM of C57BL/6NHsd mice (S1); ALT-803 activity in murine myeloma models (S2); 5T33P cell apoptosis is not induce culturing with ALT-803 or IFNy (S3); Gating strategy and analysis of donors (S4).



ALT-803, a complex of an interleukin (IL)-15 superagonist mutant and a dimeric IL-15 receptor αSu/Fc fusion protein, was found to exhibit significantly stronger in vivo biologic activity on NK and T cells than IL-15. In this study, we show that a single dose of ALT-803, but not IL-15 alone, eliminated well-established 5T33P and MOPC-315P myeloma cells in the bone marrow of tumor-bearing mice. ALT-803 treatment also significantly prolonged survival of myeloma-bearing mice and provided resistance to rechallenge with the same tumor cells through a CD8+ T-cell–dependent mechanism. ALT-803 treatment stimulated CD8+ T cells to secrete large amounts of IFN-γ and promoted rapid expansion of CD8+CD44high memory T cells in vivo. These memory CD8+ T cells exhibited ALT-803–mediated upregulation of NKG2D (KLRK1) but not PD-1 (PDCD1) or CD25 (IL2RA) on their cell surfaces. ALT-803–activated CD8+ memory T cells also exhibited nonspecific cytotoxicity against myeloma and other tumor cells in vitro, whereas IFN-γ had no direct effect on myeloma cell growth. ALT-803 lost its antimyeloma activity in tumor-bearing IFN-γ knockout mice but retained the ability to promote CD8+CD44high memory T-cell proliferation, indicating that ALT-803–mediated stimulation of CD8+CD44high memory T cells is IFN-γ–independent. Thus, besides well-known IL-15 biologic functions in host immunity, this study shows that IL-15–based ALT-803 could activate CD8+CD44high memory T cells to acquire a unique innate-like phenotype and secrete IFN-γ for nonspecific tumor cell killing. This unique immunomodulatory property of ALT-803 strongly supports its clinical development as a novel immunotherapeutic agent against cancer and viral infections. Cancer Res; 73(10); 3075–86. ©2013 AACR.

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