American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figures 1-5, Table 1 from p38 Kinase Is Crucial for Osteopontin-Induced Furin Expression That Supports Cervical Cancer Progression

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posted on 2023-03-30, 20:01 authored by Vinit Kumar, Reeti Behera, Kirti Lohite, Swapnil Karnik, Gopal C Kundu
Supplementary Figures 1-5, Table 1 from p38 Kinase Is Crucial for Osteopontin-Induced Furin Expression That Supports Cervical Cancer Progression

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

p38 kinases activated by growth factors, hormones, and environmental stresses exert diverse functions in regulating normal and malignant cell pathophysiology. Enhanced levels of activated p38 isoforms have been linked with poor prognosis in breast cancer, although the mechanistic basis for this association is poorly understood. In this study, we report that p38 activation in cervical cancer cells is driven by osteopontin (OPN), an extracellular matrix–associated cytokine that drives invasive progression. OPN regulates CD44-mediated p38 phosphorylation that induces NF-κB activation and NF-κB–dependent expression of furin, an extracellular protease implicated in human papilloma virus (HPV) processing that enhances cervical cancer cell motility. OPN induces CD44-mediated MKK3/6 phosphorylation which in turn phosphorylates p38 in these cells. OPN-induced furin expression and cell motility was impeded by blockades to MKK3/6, p38α/β or NF-κB signaling. In a mouse xenograft model of human cervical cancer, tumor growth was enhanced by OPN overexpression and blocked by short hairpin RNA (shRNA)–mediated OPN silencing. Furin overexpression similarly augmented tumor growth in the model, whereas blocking MKK3/6, p38, or furin reduced OPN-induced cervical tumor growth. Analysis of clinical specimens revealed that enhanced expression of OPN, phosphorylated NF-κB, p65, and furin correlated with cervical cancer progression, further strengthening the in vitro and in vivo results. In summary, our findings offer a proof of concept for targeting OPN and its downstream p38 signaling as a novel therapeutic strategy to manage cervical cancer. Cancer Res; 70(24); 10381–91. ©2010 AACR.