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Supplementary Figures 1-2 from Comparison of radiosensitizing effects of the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor CCI-779 to cisplatin in experimental models of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

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posted on 2023-03-31, 23:27 authored by Oleksandr Ekshyyan, Youhua Rong, Xiaohua Rong, Kavita M. Pattani, Fleurette Abreo, Gloria Caldito, John Kai Siung Chang, Federico Ampil, Jonathan Glass, Cherie-Ann O. Nathan
Supplementary Figures 1-2 from Comparison of radiosensitizing effects of the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor CCI-779 to cisplatin in experimental models of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

To determine if the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor CCI-779 can sensitize head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) to radiotherapy (XRT) and compare the radiosensitizing effects to cisplatin with its known considerable toxicity. Radiosensitizing effects of CCI-779 were assayed on HNSCC cell lines in vitro. CCI-779 (5 mg/kg), cisplatin (1 mg/kg), and XRT (2 Gy) alone and in combination were evaluated for antitumor activity in mice bearing FaDu and SCC40 xenografts. Effects of CCI-779 on radiation-induced activation of the Akt/mTOR pathway were analyzed. Although CCI-779 did not sensitize HNSCC cells to ionizing radiation in vitro, combination of CCI-779 and XRT significantly augmented the in vivo tumor growth-inhibitory effects of XRT and CCI-779 (P < 0.05). In addition, CCI-779 + XRT suppressed tumor growth more effectively than cisplatin + XRT (P < 0.05). CCI-779 + XRT significantly improved survival compared with XRT alone in both cisplatin-sensitive FaDu (P < 0.01) and cisplatin-resistant SCC40 (P < 0.05) xenograft mice. There were no additional benefits of adding cisplatin to CCI-779 + XRT. CCI-779 significantly attenuated irradiation-induced up-regulation of the mTOR pathway, increased apoptosis and displayed potent antiangiogenic activity in FaDu xenografts that was further enhanced by its combination with XRT (P < 0.05), which may explain the mechanism of its selective radiosensitizing effects in vivo and not in vitro. Antitumor activity of XRT was enhanced when combined with CCI-779 in HNSCC xenograft model. CCI-779 + XRT showed antitumor activity superior to conventional chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin. These results pave the way for clinical trials using molecular targeted therapy with CCI-779 in combination with XRT for HNSCC treatment. [Mol Cancer Ther 2009;8(8):2255–65]