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Supplementary Figures 1-2 from Cancer-Testis Antigen Lymphocyte Antigen 6 Complex Locus K Is a Serologic Biomarker and a Therapeutic Target for Lung and Esophageal Carcinomas

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posted on 2023-03-30, 17:48 authored by Nobuhisa Ishikawa, Atsushi Takano, Wataru Yasui, Kouki Inai, Hitoshi Nishimura, Hiroyuki Ito, Yohei Miyagi, Haruhiko Nakayama, Masahiro Fujita, Masao Hosokawa, Eiju Tsuchiya, Nobuoki Kohno, Yusuke Nakamura, Yataro Daigo
Supplementary Figures 1-2 from Cancer-Testis Antigen Lymphocyte Antigen 6 Complex Locus K Is a Serologic Biomarker and a Therapeutic Target for Lung and Esophageal Carcinomas

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Gene expression profile analyses of non–small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC) and esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC) revealed that lymphocyte antigen 6 complex locus K (LY6K) was specifically expressed in testis and transactivated in a majority of NSCLCs and ESCCs. Immunohistochemical staining using 406 NSCLC and 265 ESCC specimens confirmed that LY6K overexpression was associated with poor prognosis for patients with NSCLC (P = 0.0003), as well as ESCC (P = 0.0278), and multivariate analysis confirmed its independent prognostic value for NSCLC (P = 0.0035). We established an ELISA to measure serum LY6K and found that the proportion of the serum LY6K-positive cases was 38 of 112 (33.9%) NSCLC and 26 of 81 (32.1%) ESCC, whereas only 3 of 74 (4.1%) healthy volunteers were falsely diagnosed. In most cases, there was no correlation between serum LY6K and conventional tumor markers of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin 19-fragment (CYFRA 21-1) values. A combined ELISA for both LY6K and CEA classified 64.7% of lung adenocarcinoma patients as positive, and the use of both LY6K and CYFRA 21-1 increased sensitivity in the detection of lung squamous cell carcinomas and ESCCs up to 70.4% and 52.5%, respectively, whereas the false positive rate was 6.8% to 9.5%. In addition, knocked down of LY6K expression with small interfering RNAs resulted in growth suppression of the lung and esophageal cancer cells. Our data imply that a cancer-testis antigen, LY6K, should be useful as a new type of tumor biomarker and probably as a target for the development of new molecular therapies for cancer treatment. [Cancer Res 2007;67(24):11536–46]

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