American Association for Cancer Research
21598290cd130159-sup-supp_figs.pdf (897.25 kB)

Supplementary Figures 1-12 from Therapeutic Synergy between microRNA and siRNA in Ovarian Cancer Treatment

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posted on 2023-04-03, 20:28 authored by Masato Nishimura, Eun-Jung Jung, Maitri Y. Shah, Chunhua Lu, Riccardo Spizzo, Masayoshi Shimizu, Hee Dong Han, Cristina Ivan, Simona Rossi, Xinna Zhang, Milena S. Nicoloso, Sherry Y. Wu, Maria Ines Almeida, Justin Bottsford-Miller, Chad V. Pecot, Behrouz Zand, Koji Matsuo, Mian M. Shahzad, Nicholas B. Jennings, Cristian Rodriguez-Aguayo, Gabriel Lopez-Berestein, Anil K. Sood, George A. Calin

Supplementary Figures 1-12 - PDF file 897K, Relative expression of miR-520d-3p (miR-520d) and miR-520d-5p (miR-520d*) in ovarian cancer cell lines (Figure S1), Kaplan-Meier curves representing the percent progression-free survival in patients with ovarian cancer based on miR-520d-3p median expression levels (Figure S2), miR-520d-5p does not target EphA2 (Figure S3), miR-520d-3p and EphA2 expression levels in miR-520d-3p overexpressing stable clones (Figure S4), Effect of miR-520d-3p expression on cell proliferation (Figure S5), miR-520d-3p and EphA2 levels in xenograft models of miR-520d-3p overexpressing HeyA8 and SKOV3ip1 models (Figure S6), Efficiency of EphA2 targeting siRNAs in HeyA8 cells (Figure S7), Combination of miR-520d-3p and siRNA-EphA2 treatment shows enhanced EphA2 inhibition in vitro (Figure S8), Dose-response curve of miR-520d-3p, si-EphA2-1 and combined miR-520d-3p + si-EphA2-1 in SKOV3ip1 and HeyA8 cells (Figure S9), Treatment with anti-miR-520d-3p can restore EphA2 protein levels in a dose-dependent manner in SKOV3ip1 cells (Figure S10), Effect of combined miR-520d-3p+siEphA2-1 treatment on angiogenesis, proliferation and apoptosis in HeyA8 cells (Figure S11), and Differentially expressed coding genes in miR-520d-3p overexpressing stable clones (Figure S12)



Development of improved RNA interference–based strategies is of utmost clinical importance. Although siRNA-mediated silencing of EphA2, an ovarian cancer oncogene, results in reduction of tumor growth, we present evidence that additional inhibition of EphA2 by a microRNA (miRNA) further “boosts” its antitumor effects. We identified miR-520d-3p as a tumor suppressor upstream of EphA2, whose expression correlated with favorable outcomes in two independent patient cohorts comprising 647 patients. Restoration of miR-520d-3p prominently decreased EphA2 protein levels, and suppressed tumor growth and migration/invasion both in vitro and in vivo. Dual inhibition of EphA2 in vivo using 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (DOPC) nanoliposomes loaded with miR-520d-3p and EphA2 siRNA showed synergistic antitumor efficiency and greater therapeutic efficacy than either monotherapy alone. This synergy is at least in part due to miR-520d-3p targeting EphB2, another Eph receptor. Our data emphasize the feasibility of combined miRNA–siRNA therapy, and will have broad implications for innovative gene silencing therapies for cancer and other diseases.Significance: This study addresses a new concept of RNA inhibition therapy by combining miRNA and siRNA in nanoliposomal particles to target oncogenic pathways altered in ovarian cancer. Combined targeting of the Eph pathway using EphA2-targeting siRNA and the tumor suppressor miR-520d-3p exhibits remarkable therapeutic synergy and enhanced tumor suppression in vitro and in vivo compared with either monotherapy alone. Cancer Discov; 3(11); 1302–15. ©2013 AACR.See related commentary by Kasinski and Slack, p. 1220This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1207

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