American Association for Cancer Research
Browse
ccr-21-4283_figure_s6_suppfs6.pdf (132.34 kB)

Supplementary Figure from Temozolomide and Radiotherapy versus Radiotherapy Alone in Patients with Glioblastoma, IDH-wildtype: Post Hoc Analysis of the EORTC Randomized Phase III CATNON Trial

Download (132.34 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 23:48 authored by C. Mircea S. Tesileanu, Marc Sanson, Wolfgang Wick, Alba A. Brandes, Paul M. Clement, Sara C. Erridge, Michael A. Vogelbaum, Anna K. Nowak, Jean-Francois Baurain, Warren P. Mason, Helen Wheeler, Olivier L. Chinot, Sanjeev Gill, Matthew Griffin, Leland Rogers, Walter Taal, Roberta Rudà, Michael Weller, Catherine McBain, Myra E. van Linde, Kenneth Aldape, Robert B. Jenkins, Johan M. Kros, Pieter Wesseling, Andreas von Deimling, Youri Hoogstrate, Iris de Heer, Peggy N. Atmodimedjo, Hendrikus J. Dubbink, Rutger W.W. Brouwer, Wilfred F.J. van IJcken, Kin Jip Cheung, Vassilis Golfinopoulos, Brigitta G. Baumert, Thierry Gorlia, Pim J. French, Martin J. van den Bent
Supplementary Figure from Temozolomide and Radiotherapy versus Radiotherapy Alone in Patients with Glioblastoma, IDH-wildtype: Post Hoc Analysis of the EORTC Randomized Phase III CATNON Trial

Funding

NRG

Cancer Research UK

Cancer Australia

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

In a post hoc analysis of the CATNON trial (NCT00626990), we explored whether adding temozolomide to radiotherapy improves outcome in patients with IDH1/2 wildtype (wt) anaplastic astrocytomas with molecular features of glioblastoma [redesignated as glioblastoma, isocitrate dehydrogenase–wildtype (IDH-wt) in the 2021 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system tumors]. From the randomized phase III CATNON study examining the addition of adjuvant and concurrent temozolomide to radiotherapy in anaplastic astrocytomas, we selected a subgroup of IDH1/2wt and H3F3Awt tumors with presence of TERT promoter mutations and/or EGFR amplifications and/or combined gain of chromosome 7 and loss of chromosome 10. Molecular abnormalities including MGMT promoter methylation status were determined by next-generation sequencing, DNA methylation profiling, and SNaPshot analysis. Of the 751 patients entered in the CATNON study, 670 had fully molecularly characterized tumors. A total of 159 of these tumors met the WHO 2021 molecular criteria for glioblastoma, IDH-wt. Of these patients, 47 received radiotherapy only and 112 received a combination of radiotherapy and temozolomide. There was no added effect of temozolomide on either overall survival [HR, 1.19; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.82–1.71] or progression-free survival (HR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.61–1.24). MGMT promoter methylation was prognostic for overall survival, but was not predictive for outcome to temozolomide treatment either with respect to overall survival or progression-free survival. In this cohort of patients with glioblastoma, IDH-wt temozolomide treatment did not add benefit beyond that observed from radiotherapy, regardless of MGMT promoter status. These findings require a new well-powered prospective clinical study to explore the efficacy of temozolomide treatment in this patient population.

Usage metrics

    Clinical Cancer Research

    Categories

    Keywords

    Licence

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC