Supplementary Figure from Preclinical Efficacy of BCMA-Directed CAR T Cells Incorporating a Novel D Domain Antigen Recognition Domain
ARTICLE ABSTRACTChimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies directed against B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) have shown compelling clinical activity and manageable safety in subjects with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). Prior reported CAR T cells have mostly used antibody fragments such as humanized or murine single-chain variable fragments or camelid heavy-chain antibody fragments as the antigen recognition motif. Herein, we describe the generation and preclinical evaluation of ddBCMA CAR, which uses a novel BCMA binding domain discovered from our D domain phage display libraries and incorporates a 4-1BB costimulatory motif and CD3-zeta T-cell activation domain. Preclinical in vitro studies of ddBCMA CAR T cells cocultured with BCMA-positive cell lines showed highly potent, dose-dependent measures of cytotoxicity, cytokine production, T-cell degranulation, and T-cell proliferation. In each assay, ddBCMA CAR performed as well as the BCMA-directed scFv-based C11D5.3 CAR. Furthermore, ddBCMA CAR T cells demonstrated in vivo tumor suppression in three disseminated BCMA-expressing tumor models in NSG-immunocompromised mice. On the basis of these promising preclinical data, CART-ddBCMA is being studied in a first-in-human phase I clinical study to assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, efficacy, and duration of effect for patients with RRMM (NCT04155749).