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Supplementary Figure from De-escalated Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC): Impact of Molecular Markers and Final Survival Analysis of the WSG-ADAPT-TN Trial

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posted on 2023-04-01, 00:02 authored by Oleg Gluz, Ulrike Nitz, Cornelia Kolberg-Liedtke, Aleix Prat, Matthias Christgen, Sherko Kuemmel, Mohammad Parsa Mohammadian, Daniel Gebauer, Ronald Kates, Laia Paré, Eva-Maria Grischke, Helmut Forstbauer, Michael Braun, Mathias Warm, John Hackmann, Christoph Uleer, Bahriye Aktas, Claudia Schumacher, Rachel Wuerstlein, Monika Graeser, Enrico Pelz, Katarzyna Jóźwiak, Christine zu Eulenburg, Hans Heinrich Kreipe, Nadia Harbeck
Supplementary Figure from De-escalated Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC): Impact of Molecular Markers and Final Survival Analysis of the WSG-ADAPT-TN Trial

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Celgene (Celgene Corporation)

Teva Pharmaceutical Industries (Teva)

Nanostring

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Although optimal treatment in early triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains unclear, de-escalated chemotherapy appears to be an option in selected patients within this aggressive subtype. Previous studies have identified several pro-immune factors as prognostic markers in TNBC, but their predictive impact regarding different chemotherapy strategies is still controversial. ADAPT-TN is a randomized neoadjuvant multicenter phase II trial in early patients with TNBC (n = 336) who were randomized to 12 weeks of nab-paclitaxel 125 mg/m2 + gemcitabine or carboplatin d 1,8 q3w. Omission of further (neo-) adjuvant chemotherapy was allowed only in patients with pathological complete response [pCR, primary endpoint (ypT0/is, ypN0)]. Secondary invasive/distant disease-free and overall survival (i/dDFS, OS) and translational research objectives included quantification of a predictive impact of markers regarding selection for chemotherapy de-escalation, measured by gene expression of 119 genes (including PAM50 subtype) by nCounter platform and stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (sTIL). After 60 months of median follow-up, 12-week-pCR was favorably associated (HR, 0.24; P = 0.001) with 5y-iDFS of 90.6% versus 62.8%. No survival advantage of carboplatin use was observed, despite a higher pCR rate [HR, 1.04; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.68–1.59]. Additional anthracycline-containing chemotherapy was not associated with a significant iDFS advantage in pCR patients (HR, 1.29; 95% CI, 0.41–4.02). Beyond pCR rate, nodal status and high sTILs were independently associated with better iDFS, dDFS, and OS by multivariable analysis. Short de-escalated neoadjuvant taxane/platinum-based combination therapy appears to be a promising strategy in early TNBC for using pCR rate as an early decision point for further therapy (de-) escalation together with node-negative status and high sTILs.See related commentary by Sharma, p. 4840

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