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Supplementary Figure from Bioinformatically Expanded Next-Generation Sequencing Analysis Optimizes Identification of Therapeutically Relevant MET Copy Number Alterations in >50,000 Tumors

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posted on 2023-04-01, 00:08 authored by James P. Solomon, Soo-Ryum Yang, Noura J. Choudhury, Ryan N. Ptashkin, Nasrin Eslamdoost, Christina J. Falcon, Axel Martin, Andrew Plodkowski, Clare Wilhelm, Ronglai Shen, Marc Ladanyi, Michael Berger, Yanming Zhang, Alexander Drilon, Maria E. Arcila
Supplementary Figure from Bioinformatically Expanded Next-Generation Sequencing Analysis Optimizes Identification of Therapeutically Relevant MET Copy Number Alterations in >50,000 Tumors

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National Cancer Institute (NCI)

United States Department of Health and Human Services

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Clinical relevance thresholds and laboratory methods are poorly defined for MET amplification, a targetable biomarker across malignancies. The utility of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in assessing MET copy number alterations was determined in >50,000 solid tumors. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization as reference, we validated and optimized NGS analysis. Incorporating read-depth and focality analyses achieved 91% concordance, 97% sensitivity, and 89% specificity. Tumor heterogeneity, neoplastic cell proportions, and genomic focality affected MET amplification assessment. NGS methodology showed superiority in capturing overall amplification status in heterogeneous tumors and defining amplification focality among other genomic alterations. MET copy gains and amplifications were found in 408 samples across 23 malignancies. Total MET copy number inversely correlated with amplified segment size. High-level/focal amplification was enriched in certain genomic subgroups and associated with targeted therapy response. Leveraging our integrated bioinformatic approach, targeted therapy benefit was observed across diverse MET amplification contexts.

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