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Supplementary Figure from BRAFV600E-Driven Lung Adenocarcinoma Requires Copper to Sustain Autophagic Signaling and Processing

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posted on 2023-04-03, 20:03 authored by Tiffany Tsang, Xingxing Gu, Caroline I. Davis, Jessica M. Posimo, Zoey A. Miller, Donita C. Brady
Supplementary Figure from BRAFV600E-Driven Lung Adenocarcinoma Requires Copper to Sustain Autophagic Signaling and Processing

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National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Pew Charitable Trusts (Pew)

V Foundation for Cancer Research (VFCR)

American Cancer Society (ACS)

Blavatnik Family Foundation (BFF)

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

The transition metal copper (Cu) is an essential micronutrient required for development and proliferation, but the molecular mechanisms by which Cu contributes to these processes is not fully understood. Although traditionally studied as a static cofactor critical for the function of Cu-dependent enzymes, an expanding role for Cu is emerging to include its novel function as a dynamic mediator of signaling processes through the direct control of protein kinase activity. We now appreciate that Cu directly binds to and influences MEK1/2 and ULK1/2 kinase activity, and show here that reductions in MAPK and autophagic signaling are associated with dampened growth and survival of oncogenic BRAF-driven lung adenocarcinoma cells upon loss of Ctr1. Efficient autophagy, clonogenic survival, and tumorigenesis of BRAF-mutant cells required ULK1 Cu-binding. Although treatment with canonical MAPK inhibitors resulted in the upregulation of protective autophagy, mechanistically, the Cu chelator tetrathiomolybdate (TTM) was sufficient to target both autophagic and MAPK signaling as a means to blunt BRAF-driven tumorigenic properties. These findings support leveraging Cu chelation with TTM as an alternative therapeutic strategy to impair autophagy and MAPK signaling. As traditional MAPK monotherapies initiate autophagy signaling and promote cancer cell survival. We establish that copper chelation therapy inhibits both autophagy and MAPK signaling in BRAFV600E-driven lung adenocarcinoma, thus overcoming the upregulation of protective autophagy elicited by canonical MAPK pathway inhibitors.

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    Molecular Cancer Research

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