Supplementary Figure from A Phase 1a/b Open-Label, Dose-Escalation Study of Etigilimab Alone or in Combination with Nivolumab in Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors
ARTICLE ABSTRACTTIGIT (T-cell immunoreceptor with immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif domain) is a co-inhibitory receptor of T-cell and natural killer cell activity. Targeting TIGIT with or without PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibition may enhance antitumor immunity.
This Phase 1a/b trial was a first-in-human, open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation and -expansion study in patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors. Using 3 + 3 design, patients underwent 14-day treatment cycles with anti-TIGIT antibody etigilimab alone (Phase 1a; 0.3, 1.0, 3.0, 10.0, 20.0 mg/kg intravenously) or in combination with anti–PD-1 antibody nivolumab (Phase 1b; 3.0, 10.0, 20.0 mg/kg etigilimab and 240 mg nivolumab). Primary objective was safety and tolerability.
Thirty-three patients were enrolled (Phase 1a, n = 23; Phase 1b, n = 10). There were no dose-limiting toxicities (DLT). MTD for single and combination therapy was not determined; maximum administered dose was 20 mg/kg. The most commonly reported adverse events (AE) were rash (43.5%), nausea (34.8%), and fatigue (30.4%) in Phase 1a and decreased appetite (50.0%), nausea (50.0%), and rash (40%) in Phase 1b. Six patients experienced Grade ≥3 treatment-related AEs. In Phase 1a, 7 patients (30.0%) had stable disease. In Phase 1b, 1 patient had a partial response; 1 patient had prolonged stable disease of nearly 8 months. Median progression-free survival was 56.0 days (Phase 1a) and 57.5 days (Phase 1b). Biomarker correlative analyses demonstrated evidence of clear dose-dependent target engagement by etigilimab.
Etigilimab had an acceptable safety profile with preliminary evidence of clinical benefit alone and in combination with nivolumab and warrants further investigation in clinical trials.