American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figure S6 from Small Molecule–Mediated Activation of RAS Elicits Biphasic Modulation of Phospho-ERK Levels that Are Regulated through Negative Feedback on SOS1

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posted on 2023-04-03, 15:07 authored by Jennifer E. Howes, Denis T. Akan, Michael C. Burns, Olivia W. Rossanese, Alex G. Waterson, Stephen W. Fesik

SPRY2 is not phosphorylated on tyrosine residues in response to 1 treatment in cells co-expressing V5-SPRY2 and HA-SOS1 S1178A. 293 cells were transiently transfected with both V5-SPRY2 and HA-SOS1 S1178A and treated with 25 μM 1 over a timecourse of up to 90 minutes. Where indicated, cells were treated with FBS (20% v/v) for 15 minutes. Two biological repeats of this experiment were independently conducted.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Oncogenic mutation of RAS results in aberrant cellular signaling and is responsible for more than 30% of all human tumors. Therefore, pharmacologic modulation of RAS has attracted great interest as a therapeutic strategy. Our laboratory has recently discovered small molecules that activate Son of Sevenless (SOS)–catalyzed nucleotide exchange on RAS and inhibit downstream signaling. Here, we describe how pharmacologically targeting SOS1 induced biphasic modulation of RAS-GTP and ERK phosphorylation levels, which we observed in a variety of cell lines expressing different RAS-mutant isoforms. We show that compound treatment caused an increase in phosphorylation at ERK consensus motifs on SOS1 that was not observed with the expression of a non-phosphorylatable S1178A SOS1 mutant or after pretreatment with an ERK inhibitor. Phosphorylation at S1178 on SOS1 is known to inhibit the association between SOS1 and GRB2 and disrupt SOS1 membrane localization. Consistent with this, we show that wild-type SOS1 and GRB2 dissociated in a time-dependent fashion in response to compound treatment, and conversely, this interaction was enhanced with the expression of an S1178A SOS1 mutant. Furthermore, in cells expressing either S1178A SOS1 or a constitutively membrane-bound CAAX box tagged SOS1 mutant, we observed elevated RAS-GTP levels over time in response to compound, as compared with the biphasic changes in RAS-GTP exhibited in cells expressing wild-type SOS1. These results suggest that small molecule targeting of SOS1 can elicit a biphasic modulation of RAS-GTP and phospho-ERK levels through negative feedback on SOS1 that regulates the interaction between SOS1 and GRB2. Mol Cancer Ther; 17(5); 1051–60. ©2018 AACR.