American Association for Cancer Research
ccr-23-2767_supplementary_figure_s3_suppfs3.pdf (150.06 kB)

Supplementary Figure S3 from Monitoring Minimal Residual Disease in Patients with Multiple Myeloma by Targeted Tracking Serum M-Protein Using Mass Spectrometry (EasyM)

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-03-15, 07:20 authored by Huishou Fan, Bing Wang, Lihui Shi, Ni Pan, Wenqiang Yan, Jingyu Xu, Lixin Gong, Lingna Li, Yuntong Liu, Chenxing Du, Jian Cui, Guoqing Zhu, Shuhui Deng, Weiwei Sui, Yan Xu, Shuhua Yi, Mu Hao, Dehui Zou, Xiequn Chen, Lugui Qiu, Gang An

Sensitivity and specificity between EasyM and sFLC.


the National Natural Science Foundation of China

the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Innovation Fund for Medical Sciences

internal research funding of Shanghai Kuaixu Biotechnology Co, Ltd



We investigated both the clinical utilities and the prognostic impacts of the clonotypic peptide mass spectrometry (MS)-EasyM, a blood-based minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring protocol in multiple myeloma. A total of 447 sequential serum samples from 56 patients with multiple myeloma were analyzed using EasyM. Patient-specific M-protein peptides were sequenced from diagnostic samples; sequential samples were quantified by EasyM to monitor the M-protein. The performance of EasyM was compared with serum immunofixation electrophoresis (IFE), bone marrow multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC), and next-generation flow cytometry (NGF) detection. The optimal balance of EasyM sensitivity/specificity versus NGF (10−5 sensitivity) was determined and the prognostic impact of MS-MRD status was investigated. Of the 447 serum samples detected and measured by EasyM, 397, 126, and 92 had time-matching results for comparison with serum IFE, MFC-MRD, and NGF-MRD, respectively. Using a dotp >0.9 as the MS-MRD positive, sensitivity was 99.6% versus IFE and 100.0% versus MFC and NGF. Using an MS negative cutoff informed by ROC analysis (<1.86% of that at diagnosis), EasyM sensitivity remained high versus IFE (88.3%), MFC (85.1%), and NGF (93.2%), whereas specificity increased to 90.4%, 55.8%, and 93.2%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, older diagnostic age was an independent predictor for progression-free survival [PFS; high risk (HR), 3.15; 1.26–7.86], the best MS-MRD status (MS-MRD negative) was independent predictor for both PFS (HR, 0.25; 0.12–0.52) and overall survival (HR, 0.16; 0.06–0.40). EasyM is a highly sensitive and minimal invasive method of MRD monitoring in multiple myeloma; MS-MRD had significant predictive ability for survival outcomes.

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