Bergen Medical Research Foundation
Norwegian Cancer Society
GC Rieber Foundation, Norway
ARTICLE ABSTRACTTranscripts derived from the PTEN pseudogene (PTENP1) function as decoys to adsorb miRNAs targeting the PTEN tumor suppressor for degradation, and PTENP1 upregulation is known to inhibit growth in preclinical cancer models. Here, PTENP1 3′UTR transduction influences PTEN, AKT/mTOR signaling, and tumor progression in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive and -negative breast cancer cells. PTENP1 upregulation decreases PTEN gene expression in the ER-positive MCF7 and T47D human breast carcinoma cells and accelerates MCF7 tumor growth in vivo. Of note, PTENP1 transduction significantly decreases ERα (ESR1) mRNA and protein levels in MCF7 xenografts with a concomitant increase in hsa-miR-26a, a miRNA known to target ESR1. In the ER-negative MDA-MB-231 and C3HBA breast cancer cells, upregulation of PTENP1 increases PTEN gene expression with no influence on hsa-miR-26a, ESR1, or ERα expression. While PTENP1 transduction did not influence the growth rate of human MDA-MB-231 xenografts, PTENP1 upregulation profoundly reduces its metastatic propensity. Furthermore, PTENP1 significantly inhibits the growth rate of ER-negative C3HBA murine breast cancer xenografts. PTENP1 transduction had no influence on doxorubicin cytotoxicity in ER-positive MCF7 cells but an increase in doxorubicin sensitivity was observed in the ER-negative MDA-MB-231 cells. In summary, while PTENP1 upregulation decreased PTEN transcript levels and stimulated the growth of ER-positive breast cancers, increased PTEN transcript levels and inhibited tumor progression was observed in the ER-negative cells.Implications: This report highlights the profound biological activity of PTENP1 in breast cancer, which is dictated by the hormone receptor status. Mol Cancer Res; 16(1); 78–89. ©2017 AACR.