Supplementary Figure S3 - PDF file 139K,The relative expression profiles of mRNA of FGFs by microarray analysis in PC9 GR, PC9 gr1 and PC9 gr3 cells normalized to mRNA extracted from PC9 na cells. None of FGFs other than FGF2 was elevated in gefitinib resistant cell lines. Each group of columns represents the result from one microarray probe
ARTICLE ABSTRACTPatients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that harbors epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations initially respond to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) but eventually experience relapse. Acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs is strongly associated with patient mortality. Thus, elucidation of the mechanism of acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs is of great importance. In this study, gefitinib-resistant cell line models were established by long-term exposure to gefitinib using the gefitinib-sensitive lung cancer cell lines, PC9 and HCC827. Expression analyses indicated that both FGFR1 and FGF2 were increased in PC9 gefitinib-resistant (PC9 GR) cells as compared with PC9 naïve (PC9 na) cells. Importantly, proliferation of gefitinib-resistant cells was dependent on the FGF2 -FGFR1 pathway. Mechanistically, inhibition of either FGF2 or FGFR1 by siRNA or FGFR inhibitor (PD173074) restored gefitinib sensitivity in PC9 GR cells. These data suggest that FGF2 -FGFR1 activation through an autocrine loop is a novel mechanism of acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs. Mol Cancer Res; 11(7); 759–67. ©2013 AACR.