American Association for Cancer Research
15357163mct140212-sup-128276_1_supp_2636506_nb2nl8.doc (225 kB)

Supplementary Figure S1 from PET Imaging of β-Glucuronidase Activity by an Activity-Based 124I-Trapping Probe for the Personalized Glucuronide Prodrug Targeted Therapy

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 14:23 authored by Yu-Cheng Su, Ta-Chun Cheng, Yu-Ling Leu, Steve R. Roffler, Jaw-Yuan Wang, Chih-Hung Chuang, Chien-Han Kao, Kai-Chuan Chen, Hsin-Ell Wang, Tian-Lu Cheng

Supplementary Figure S1. In vivo imaging of endogenous β-glucuronidase by TrapG probes



Beta-glucuronidase (βG) is a potential biomarker for cancer diagnosis and prodrug therapy. The ability to image βG activity in patients would assist in personalized glucuronide prodrug cancer therapy. However, whole-body imaging of βG activity for medical usage is not yet available. Here, we developed a radioactive βG activity–based trapping probe for positron emission tomography (PET). We generated a 124I-tyramine–conjugated difluoromethylphenol beta-glucuronide probe (TrapG) to form 124I-TrapG that could be selectively activated by βG for subsequent attachment of 124I-tyramine to nucleophilic moieties near βG-expressing sites. We estimated the specificity of a fluorescent FITC-TrapG, the cytotoxicity of tyramine-TrapG, and the serum half-life of 124I-TrapG. βG targeting of 124I-TrapG in vivo was examined by micro-PET. The biodistribution of 131I-TrapG was investigated in different organs. Finally, we imaged the endogenous βG activity and assessed its correlation with therapeutic efficacy of 9-aminocamptothecin glucuronide (9ACG) prodrug in native tumors. FITC-TrapG showed specific trapping at βG-expressing CT26 (CT26/mβG) cells but not in CT26 cells. The native TrapG probe possessed low cytotoxicity. 124I-TrapG preferentially accumulated in CT26/mβG but not CT26 cells. Meanwhile, micro-PET and whole-body autoradiography results demonstrated that 124I-TrapG signals in CT26/mβG tumors were 141.4-fold greater than in CT26 tumors. Importantly, Colo205 xenografts in nude mice that express elevated endogenous βG can be monitored by using infrared glucuronide trapping probes (NIR-TrapG) and suppressed by 9ACG prodrug treatment. 124I-TrapG exhibited low cytotoxicity allowing long-term monitoring of βG activity in vivo to aid in the optimization of prodrug targeted therapy. Mol Cancer Ther; 13(12); 2852–63. ©2014 AACR.

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