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Supplementary Figure S1 from Melanoma-Educated CD14+ Cells Acquire a Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cell Phenotype through COX-2–Dependent Mechanisms

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posted on 2023-03-30, 21:43 authored by Yumeng Mao, Isabel Poschke, Erik Wennerberg, Yago Pico de Coaña, Suzanne Egyhazi Brage, Inkeri Schultz, Johan Hansson, Giuseppe Masucci, Andreas Lundqvist, Rolf Kiessling

Supplementary Figure S1 - PDF file 47K, Melanoma-educated monocytes phenotypically resemble myeloid-derived suppressor cells

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Tumors can suppress the host immune system by employing a variety of cellular immune modulators, such as regulatory T cells, tumor-associated macrophages, and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC). In the peripheral blood of patients with advanced stage melanoma, there is an accumulation of CD14+HLA-DRlo/− MDSC that suppress autologous T cells ex vivo in a STAT-3–dependent manner. However, a precise mechanistic basis underlying this effect is unclear, particularly with regard to whether the MDSC induction mechanism relies on cell–cell contact of melanoma cells with CD14+ cells. Here, we show that early-passage human melanoma cells induce phenotypic changes in CD14+ monocytes, leading them to resemble MDSCs characterized in patients with advanced stage melanoma. These MDSC-like cells potently suppress autologous T-cell proliferation and IFN-γ production. Notably, induction of myeloid-suppressive functions requires contact or close proximity between monocytes and tumor cells. Further, this induction is largely dependent on production of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) because its inhibition in these MDSC-like cells limits their ability to suppress T-cell function. We confirmed our findings with CD14+ cells isolated from patients with advanced stage melanoma, which inhibited autologous T cells in a manner relying up prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), STAT-3, and superoxide. Indeed, PGE2 was sufficient to confer to monocytes the ability to suppress proliferation and IFN-γ production by autologous T cells ex vivo. In summary, our results reveal how immune suppression by MDSC can be initiated in the tumor microenvironment of human melanoma. Cancer Res; 73(13); 3877–87. ©2013 AACR.

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