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Supplementary Figure S1 from Clinical Activity and Exploratory Resistance Mechanism of Milademetan, an MDM2 Inhibitor, in Intimal Sarcoma with MDM2 Amplification: An Open-Label Phase Ib/II Study

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posted on 2023-07-13, 13:00 authored by Takafumi Koyama, Toshio Shimizu, Yuki Kojima, Kazuki Sudo, Hitomi Sumiyoshi Okuma, Tatsunori Shimoi, Hitoshi Ichikawa, Shinji Kohsaka, Ryo Sadachi, Akihiro Hirakawa, Akihiko Yoshida, Reiko Makihara Ando, Toshihide Ueno, Mitsuru Yanagaki, Naoko Matsui, Kenichi Nakamura, Noboru Yamamoto, Kan Yonemori

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Intimal sarcoma is an extremely rare, life-threatening malignant neoplasm. Murine double minute 2 (MDM2) amplification is observed in >70% of intimal sarcomas. Milademetan, an MDM2 inhibitor, may provide clinical benefit in this patient population. We conducted a phase Ib/II study in patients with MDM2-amplified, wild-type TP53 intimal sarcoma as a substudy of a large nationwide registry for rare cancers in Japan. Milademetan (260 mg) was administered orally once daily for 3 days every 14 days, twice in a 28-day cycle. Of 11 patients enrolled, 10 were included in the efficacy analysis. Two patients (20%) showed durable responses for >15 months. Antitumor activity correlated with TWIST1 amplification (P = 0.028) and negatively with CDKN2A loss (P = 0.071). Acquired TP53 mutations were detected in sequential liquid biopsies as a novel exploratory resistance mechanism to milademetan. These results suggest that milademetan could be a potential therapeutic strategy for intimal sarcoma. Strategies to optimize outcomes could include the use of new biomarkers (TWIST1 amplification and CDKN2A loss) to select patients with MDM2-amplified intimal sarcoma who might benefit from milademetan and combination with other targeted treatments. Sequential liquid biopsy of TP53 can be used to evaluate disease status during treatment with milademetan.

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