American Association for Cancer Research
cir-21-1088_supplementary_figure_legends_suppsm6.pdf (335.97 kB)

Supplementary Figure Legends from Extracellular Galectin 4 Drives Immune Evasion and Promotes T-cell Apoptosis in Pancreatic Cancer

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-04, 02:05 authored by Tommy Lidström, Joshua Cumming, Rahul Gaur, Lars Frängsmyr, Ioannis S. Pateras, Matthias J. Mickert, Oskar Franklin, Mattias N.E. Forsell, Niklas Arnberg, Mitesh Dongre, Cedric Patthey, Daniel Öhlund

Legends for sup figures 1-5


Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT)

Cancerforskningsfonden i Norrland

Vetenskapsrådet (VR)

Kempestiftelserna (Kempe Foundations)

Svenska Läkaresällskapet (SLS)

Västerbotten Läns Landsting (Västerbotten County Council)

Sjöbergstiftelsen (Sjöberg Foundation)

Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse (Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation)

Cancerfonden (Swedish Cancer Society)



Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by rich deposits of extracellular matrix (ECM), affecting the pathophysiology of the disease. Here, we identified galectin 4 (gal 4) as a cancer cell–produced protein that was deposited into the ECM of PDAC tumors and detected high-circulating levels of gal 4 in patients with PDAC. In orthotopic transplantation experiments, we observed increased infiltration of T cells and prolonged survival in immunocompetent mice transplanted with cancer cells with reduced expression of gal 4. Increased survival was not observed in immunodeficient RAG1−/− mice, demonstrating that the effect was mediated by the adaptive immune system. By performing single-cell RNA-sequencing, we found that the myeloid compartment and cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF) subtypes were altered in the transplanted tumors. Reduced gal 4 expression associated with a higher proportion of myofibroblastic CAFs and reduced numbers of inflammatory CAFs. We also found higher proportions of M1 macrophages, T cells, and antigen-presenting dendritic cells in tumors with reduced gal 4 expression. Using a coculture system, we observed that extracellular gal 4 induced apoptosis in T cells by binding N-glycosylation residues on CD3ε/δ. Hence, we show that gal 4 is involved in immune evasion and identify gal 4 as a promising drug target for overcoming immunosuppression in PDAC.

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