American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figure Legends from Astrocyte Elevated Gene-1 Interacts with Akt Isoform 2 to Control Glioma Growth, Survival, and Pathogenesis

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 22:30 authored by Bin Hu, Luni Emdad, Manny D. Bacolod, Timothy P. Kegelman, Xue-Ning Shen, Mohammad A. Alzubi, Swadesh K. Das, Devanand Sarkar, Paul B. Fisher

Supplementary Figures Legends S1-S9.



The oncogene astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1; MTDH) is highly expressed in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and many other types of cancer, where it activates multiple signaling pathways that drive proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, chemoresistance, radioresistance, and metastasis. AEG-1 activates the Akt signaling pathway and Akt and c-Myc are positive regulators of AEG-1 transcription, generating a positive feedback loop between AEG-1 and Akt in regulating tumorigenesis. Here, we describe in GBM cells a direct interaction between an internal domain of AEG-1 and the PH domain of Akt2, a major driver in GBM. Expression and interaction of AEG-1 and Akt2 are elevated in GBM and contribute to tumor cell survival, proliferation, and invasion. Clinically, in silico gene expression and immunohistochemical analyses of patient specimens showed that AEG-1 and Akt2 expression correlated with GBM progression and reduced patient survival. AEG-1–Akt2 interaction prolonged stabilization of Akt2 phosphorylation at S474, regulating downstream signaling cascades that enable cell proliferation and survival. Disrupting AEG-1–Akt2 interaction by competitive binding of the Akt2-PH domain led to reduced cell viability and invasion. When combined with AEG-1 silencing, conditional expression of Akt2-PH markedly increased survival in an orthotopic mouse model of human GBM. Our study uncovers a novel molecular mechanism by which AEG-1 augments glioma progression and offers a rationale to block AEG-1–Akt2 signaling function as a novel GBM treatment. Cancer Res; 74(24); 7321–32. ©2014 AACR.