American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figure Legends 1-7 from KLF6-SV1 Is a Novel Antiapoptotic Protein That Targets the BH3-Only Protein NOXA for Degradation and Whose Inhibition Extends Survival in an Ovarian Cancer Model

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posted on 2023-03-30, 18:42 authored by Analisa DiFeo, Fei Huang, Jaya Sangodkar, Esteban A. Terzo, Devin Leake, Goutham Narla, John A. Martignetti
Supplementary Figure Legends 1-7 from KLF6-SV1 Is a Novel Antiapoptotic Protein That Targets the BH3-Only Protein NOXA for Degradation and Whose Inhibition Extends Survival in an Ovarian Cancer Model

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Defects in apoptosis are not only a hallmark of cancer initiation and progression but can also underlie the development of chemoresistance. How the tightly regulated cascade of protein-protein interactions between members of three competing protein families regulating the apoptotic cascade is subverted in tumor cells is incompletely understood. Here, we show that KLF6-SV1, whose overexpression is associated with poor survival in several different cancers and is an alternatively spliced isoform of the Krüppel-like tumor suppressor KLF6, is a critical prosurvival/antiapoptotic protein. KLF6-SV1 binds the proapoptotic BH3-only protein NOXA, which results in their mutual HDM2-dependent degradation. In turn, this increases the intracellular concentration of the prosurvival binding partner of NOXA, Mcl-1, and effectively blocks apoptosis. In an ovarian cancer model, systemically delivered small interfering RNA against KLF6-SV1 induces spontaneous apoptosis of tumor cells, decreases tumor burden, and restores cisplatin sensitivity in vivo. Moreover, i.p. delivery of siKLF6-SV1 RNA halts ovarian tumor progression and improves median and overall survival (progression-free for >15 months; P < 0.0002) in mice in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, KLF6-SV1 represents a novel regulator of protein interactions in the apoptotic cascade and a therapeutically targetable control point. [Cancer Res 2009;69(11):4733–41]