American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can114136-sup-fl_1-6_17k.pdf (17.4 kB)

Supplementary Figure Legends 1-6 from NF-κB Hyperactivation in Tumor Tissues Allows Tumor-Selective Reprogramming of the Chemokine Microenvironment to Enhance the Recruitment of Cytolytic T Effector Cells

Download (17.4 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-30, 21:00 authored by Ravikumar Muthuswamy, Erik Berk, Beth Fallert Junecko, Herbert J. Zeh, Amer H. Zureikat, Daniel Normolle, The Minh Luong, Todd A. Reinhart, David L. Bartlett, Pawel Kalinski

PDF file - 17K



Tumor infiltration with effector CD8+ T cells (Teff) predicts longer recurrence-free survival in many types of human cancer, illustrating the broad significance of Teff for effective immunosurveillance. Colorectal tumors with reduced accumulation of Teff express low levels of Teff-attracting chemokines such as CXCL10/IP10 and CCL5/RANTES. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of enhancing tumor production of Teff-attracting chemokines as a cancer therapeutic strategy using a tissue explant culture system to analyze chemokine induction in intact tumor tissues. In different tumor explants, we observed highly heterogeneous responses to IFNα or poly-I:C (a TLR3 ligand) when they were applied individually. In contrast, a combination of IFNα and poly-I:C uniformly enhanced the production of CXCL10 and CCL5 in all tumor lesions. Moreover, these effects could be optimized by the further addition of COX inhibitors. Applying this triple combination also uniformly suppressed the production of CCL22/MDC, a chemokine associated with infiltration of T regulatory cells (Treg). The Teff-enhancing effects of this treatment occurred selectively in tumor tissues, as compared with tissues derived from tumor margins. These effects relied on the increased propensity of tumor-associated cells (mostly fibroblasts and infiltrating inflammatory cells) to hyperactivate NF-κB and produce Teff-attracting chemokines in response to treatment, resulting in an enhanced ability of the treated tumors to attract Teff cells and reduced ability to attract Treg cells. Together, our findings suggest the feasibility of exploiting NF-κB hyperactivation in the tumor microenvironment to selectively enhance Teff entry into colon tumors. Cancer Res; 72(15); 3735–43. ©2012 AACR.

Usage metrics

    Cancer Research



    Ref. manager