American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Figure Legend from Intravenous Injection of MVA Virus Targets CD8+ Lymphocytes to Tumors to Control Tumor Growth upon Combinatorial Treatment with a TLR9 Agonist

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posted on 2023-04-03, 22:40 authored by Laetitia Fend, Tanja Gatard-Scheikl, Jacqueline Kintz, Murielle Gantzer, Emmanuelle Schaedler, Karola Rittner, Sandrine Cochin, Sylvie Fournel, Xavier Préville
Supplementary Figure Legend from Intravenous Injection of MVA Virus Targets CD8+ Lymphocytes to Tumors to Control Tumor Growth upon Combinatorial Treatment with a TLR9 Agonist

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Effector T-cell access to tumor tissue is a limiting step for clinical efficacy of antigen-specific T cell–based immunotherapies. Ectopic mouse tumor models, in which a subcutaneously (s.c.) implanted tumor is treated with s.c. or intramuscular therapeutic immunization, may not be optimal for targeting effector T cells to an organ-borne tumor. We used an orthotopic renal carcinoma model to evaluate the impact of injection routes on therapeutic efficacy of a Modified Vaccinia virus Ankara viral vector expressing the human mucin 1 tumor–associated xeno-antigen (MVA-MUC1). We show that intravenous (i.v.) administration of MVA-MUC1 displayed enhanced efficacy when compared with s.c. injection. Therapeutic efficacy of MVA-MUC1 was further enhanced by i.v. injection of a TLR9 agonist. In all cases, infiltration of tumor-bearing kidney by CD8+ lymphocytes was associated with control of tumor growth. Biodistribution experiments indicate that, following i.v. injection, MVA-encoded antigens are quickly expressed in visceral organs and, in particular, in splenic antigen-presenting cells, compared with those following s.c. injection. This appears to result in a faster generation of MUC1-specific CD8+ T cells. Lymphocytes infiltrating tumor-bearing kidneys are characterized by an effector memory phenotype and express PD-1 and Tim3 immune checkpoint molecules. Therapeutic efficacy was associated with a modification of the tumor microenvironment toward a Th1-type immune response and recruitment of activated lymphocytes. This study supports the clinical evaluation of MVA-based immunotherapies via the i.v. route. Cancer Immunol Res; 2(12); 1163–74. ©2014 AACR.