American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr121913-sup-tab1-2figleg.pdf (107.99 kB)

Supplementary Figure Legend, Tables 1 - 3 from Massively Parallel Tumor Multigene Sequencing to Evaluate Response to Panitumumab in a Randomized Phase III Study of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Download (107.99 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 18:12 authored by Marc Peeters, Kelly S. Oliner, Alex Parker, Salvatore Siena, Eric Van Cutsem, Jing Huang, Yves Humblet, Jean-Luc Van Laethem, Thierry André, Jeffrey Wiezorek, David Reese, Scott D. Patterson

PDF file - 109K, PCR Primer Sequences; Baseline Demographic and Clinical Characteristics for Patients With and Without Available Multigene Information; Mutations Identified In Available Patient Tumor Specimens



Purpose: To investigate whether EGF receptor (EGFR) pathway mutations predicted response to monotherapy with panitumumab, an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody, in a randomized phase III study of metastatic colorectal cancer.Experimental Design: Using massively parallel multigene sequencing, we analyzed 320 samples for 9 genes, with multigene sequence data from 288 (90%) samples.Results: Mutation rates were: KRAS (45%), NRAS (5%), BRAF (7%), PIK3CA (9%), PTEN (6%), TP53 (60%), EGFR (1%), AKT1 (<1%), and CTNNB1 (2%). In the randomized study and open-label extension, 22 of 138 (16%) wild-type KRAS (codons 12/13/61) patients versus 0 of 103 mutant KRAS (codons 12/13) patients had objective responses. Of 6 mutant KRAS (codon 61) patients, 1 with a Q61H mutation achieved partial response during the extension. Among wild-type KRAS (codons 12/13/61) patients, 0 of 9 patients with NRAS mutations, 0 of 13 with BRAF mutations, 2 of 10 with PIK3CA mutations, 1 of 9 with PTEN mutations, and 1 of 2 with CTNNB1 mutations responded to panitumumab. No patients responded to best supportive care alone. Panitumumab treatment was associated with longer progression-free survival (PFS) among wild-type KRAS (codons 12/13/61) patients [HR, 0.39; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.28–0.56]. Among wild-type KRAS patients, a treatment effect for PFS favoring panitumumab occurred in patients with wild-type NRAS (HR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.27–0.56) and wild-type BRAF (HR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.24–0.55) but not mutant NRAS (HR, 1.94; 95% CI, 0.44–8.44).Conclusions: These results show the feasibility and potential clinical use of next-generation sequencing for evaluating predictive biomarkers. Clin Cancer Res; 19(7); 1902–12. ©2012 AACR.