American Association for Cancer Research
21598290cd130362-sup-fig_s7.pdf (1.5 MB)

Supplementary Figure 7 from RNA Helicase A Is a Downstream Mediator of KIF1Bβ Tumor-Suppressor Function in Neuroblastoma

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 20:41 authored by Zhi Xiong Chen, Karin Wallis, Stuart M. Fell, Veronica R. Sobrado, Marie C. Hemmer, Daniel Ramsköld, Ulf Hellman, Rickard Sandberg, Rajappa S. Kenchappa, Tommy Martinson, John I. Johnsen, Per Kogner, Susanne Schlisio

PDF file 1540K, Figure S7, related to Figure 7G and Discussion. Model proposing mechanism of KIF1Bβ mediated apoptosis in a developing neuroblast competing for limiting trophic factor NGF



Inherited KIF1B loss-of-function mutations in neuroblastomas and pheochromocytomas implicate the kinesin KIF1B as a 1p36.2 tumor suppressor. However, the mechanism of tumor suppression is unknown. We found that KIF1B isoform β (KIF1Bβ) interacts with RNA helicase A (DHX9), causing nuclear accumulation of DHX9, followed by subsequent induction of the proapoptotic XIAP-associated factor 1 (XAF1) and, consequently, apoptosis. Pheochromocytoma and neuroblastoma arise from neural crest progenitors that compete for growth factors such as nerve growth factor (NGF) during development. KIF1Bβ is required for developmental apoptosis induced by competition for NGF. We show that DHX9 is induced by and required for apoptosis stimulated by NGF deprivation. Moreover, neuroblastomas with chromosomal deletion of 1p36 exhibit loss of KIF1Bβ expression and impaired DHX9 nuclear localization, implicating the loss of DHX9 nuclear activity in neuroblastoma pathogenesis.Significance: KIF1Bβ has neuroblastoma tumor-suppressor properties and promotes and requires nuclear-localized DHX9 for its apoptotic function by activating XAF1 expression. Loss of KIF1Bβ alters subcellular localization of DHX9 and diminishes NGF dependence of sympathetic neurons, leading to reduced culling of neural progenitors, and, therefore, might predispose to tumor formation. Cancer Discov; 4(4); 434–51. ©2014 AACR.See related commentary by Bernards, p. 392This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 377