National Natural Science Foundation of China
Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai
Shanghai Committee of Science and Technology
Shanghai Municipal Commission of Health
Shanghai Municipal Education Commmission
ARTICLE ABSTRACTMyeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) can suppress immunity and promote tumorigenesis, and their abundance is associated with poor prognosis. In this study, we show that SUMO1/sentrin-specific peptidase 1 (SENP1) regulates the development and function of MDSC. SENP1 deficiency in myeloid cells promoted MDSC expansion in bone marrow, spleen, and other organs. Senp1−/− MDSC showed stronger immunosuppressive activity than Senp1+/+ MDSC; we observed no defects in the differentiation of myeloid precursor cell in Senp1−/− mice. Mechanistically, SENP1-mediated regulation of MDSC was dependent on STAT3 signaling. We identified CD45 as a specific STAT3 phosphatase in MDSC. CD45 was SUMOylated in MDSC and SENP1 could deconjugate SUMOylated CD45. In Senp1−/− MDSC, CD45 was highly SUMOylated, which reduced its phosphatase activity toward STAT3, leading to STAT3-mediated MDSC development and function. These results reveal a suppressive function of SENP1 in modulating MDSC expansion and function via CD45–STAT3 signaling axis.
These findings show that increased SUMOylation of CD45 via loss of SENP1 suppresses CD45-mediated dephosphorylation of STAT3, which promotes MDSC development and function, leading to tumorigenesis.