American Association for Cancer Research
15357163mct141053-sup-142204_2_supp_2904408_nlbj28.pdf (266.58 kB)

Supplementary Figure 6 from MAP17 (PDZKIP1) Expression Determines Sensitivity to the Proteasomal Inhibitor Bortezomib by Preventing Cytoprotective Autophagy and NFκB Activation in Breast Cancer

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-03, 14:12 authored by Sandra Muñoz-Galván, Gabriel Gutierrez, Marco Perez, Amancio Carnero

Supplementary Figure S6 - MAP17 overexpression reduces NFKB levels in response to Bortezomib. (A) Immunofluorescence of T47D and (B) MDA-MB-231 cells overexpressing or not MAP17, and treated with increasing concentrations of Bortezomib. NFKB-p65 is shown in green and DAPI nuclear staining in blue. Quantification of NFKB-p65 fluorescent intensity from A and B, respectively, are shown below microscope images. Average and SD of at least 300 cells per each condition are shown.



MAP17 is a small nonglycosylated membrane protein that is overexpressed in a high percentage of carcinomas. High levels of MAP17 enhance the tumorigenic properties of tumor cells by increasing oxidative stress, which is dependent on Na+-coupled cotransport. Here, we show that MAP17 is associated with proteins involved in protein degradation and that proteasome inhibition induces autophagy. To analyze whether MAP17 could also alter this process, we used the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (Velcade, PS-341), which is approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma, although it has a high rate of resistance emergence and poor efficacy in solid tumors. We provide evidence that bortezomib induces a cytoprotective effect by activating autophagy and NFκB nuclear translocation, responses that are repressed in the presence of high levels of MAP17 both in vitro and in vivo. Indeed, patients with multiple myeloma treated with bortezomib showed higher response rates and a longer time to progression associated with increased levels of MAP17 expression. The MAP17-induced sensitivity to bortezomib is dependent on the oxidative status of the cells and the activity of Na+-coupled transporters because treatment with antioxidants or the inhibitor furosemide restores the cytoprotective activity induced by bortezomib. Therefore, bortezomib induces a prosurvival response through cytoprotective autophagy and NFκB nuclear translocation, which is repressed by high levels of MAP17. We propose that the levels of MAP17 could be used as a prognostic marker to predict the response to bortezomib in hematologic malignancies and in other tissues that are not commonly responsive to the drug. Mol Cancer Ther; 14(6); 1454–65. ©2015 AACR.