ARTICLE ABSTRACTThe ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP7 modulates protein function by conjugating ADP-ribose to the side chains of acceptor amino acids. PARP7 has been shown to affect gene expression in prostate cancer cells and certain other cell types by mechanisms that include transcription factor ADP-ribosylation. Here, we use a recently developed catalytic inhibitor to PARP7, RBN2397, to study the effects of PARP7 inhibition in androgen receptor-positive and androgen receptor-negative prostate cancer cells. We find that RBN2397 has nanomolar potency for inhibiting androgen-induced ADP-ribosylation of the androgen receptor. RBN2397 inhibits the growth of prostate cancer cells in culture when cells are treated with ligands that activate the androgen receptor, or the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, and induce PARP7 expression. We show that the growth inhibitory effects of RBN2397 are distinct from its enhancement of interferon signaling recently shown to promote tumor immunogenicity. RBN2397 treatment also induces trapping of PARP7 in a detergent-resistant fraction within the nucleus, which is reminiscent of how inhibitors such as Talazoparib affect PARP1 fractionation. Because PARP7 is expressed in AR negative metastatic tumors and RBN2397 can affect cancer cells through multiple mechanisms, PARP7 may be an actionable target in advanced prostate cancer.