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Supplementary Figure 5 from Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells Are a Major Source of Wnt5A in the Melanoma Microenvironment and Depend on Wnt5A for Full Suppressive Activity

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posted on 2023-03-31, 04:04 authored by Stephen M. Douglass, Mitchell E. Fane, Emilio Sanseviero, Brett L. Ecker, Curtis H. Kugel, Reeti Behera, Vinit Kumar, Evgenii N. Tcyganov, Xiangfan Yin, Qin Liu, Yash Chhabra, Gretchen M. Alicea, Rejji Kuruvilla, Dmitry I. Gabrilovich, Ashani T. Weeraratna

Supplementary Figure 5 - Myeloid Wnt5A Does Not Influence CXCR2 Expression on MDSCs

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Core Facilities of the Wistar Institute

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Metastatic dissemination remains a significant barrier to successful therapy for melanoma. Wnt5A is a potent driver of invasion in melanoma and is believed to be secreted from the tumor microenvironment (TME). Our data suggest that myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) in the TME are a major source of Wnt5A and are reliant upon Wnt5A for multiple actions. Knockdown of Wnt5A specifically in the myeloid cells demonstrated a clear decrease in Wnt5A expression within the TME in vivo as well as a decrease in intratumoral MDSC and regulatory T cell (Treg). Wnt5A knockdown also decreased the immunosuppressive nature of MDSC and decreased expression of TGFβ1 and arginase 1. In the presence of Wnt5A-depleted MDSC, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes expressed decreased PD-1 and LAG3, suggesting a less exhausted phenotype. Myeloid-specific Wnt5A knockdown also led to decreased lung metastasis. Tumor-infiltrating MDSC from control animals showed a strong positive correlation with Treg, which was completely ablated in animals with Wnt5A-negative MDSC. Overall, our data suggest that while MDSC contribute to an immunosuppressive and less immunogenic environment, they exhibit an additional function as the major source of Wnt5A in the TME. These findings demonstrate that myeloid cells provide a major source of Wnt5A to facilitate metastatic potential in melanoma cells and rely on Wnt5A for their immunosuppressive function.

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