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Supplementary Figure 5 from Estrogen Receptor Alpha Mediates Progestin-Induced Mammary Tumor Growth by Interacting with Progesterone Receptors at the Cyclin D1/MYC Promoters

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posted on 2023-03-30, 21:32 authored by Sebastián Giulianelli, José P. Vaqué, Rocío Soldati, Victoria Wargon, Silvia I. Vanzulli, Rubén Martins, Eduardo Zeitlin, Alfredo A. Molinolo, Luisa A. Helguero, Caroline A. Lamb, J. Silvio Gutkind, Claudia Lanari

PDF file - 160K, ER� increase PR activity. MDA-MB-231 cells were stably transfected with human PRB (pSG5-PRB) or with the empty vector (pSG5) and different clones were obtained. The expression of PRB was evaluated by Western blot (A), using T47D cells as a positive control of hormone receptors, or by immunofluorescence (B, bar: 30�m). (C) MDA-MB-231 pSG5 clone (3) and pSG5-PRB clone (1) cells were transiently transfected with human ER� (pSG5-HEGO) and its expression was evaluated by immnunofluorescence. Bar: 15�m. (D) MDA-MB-231 pSG5 clone (3) and pSG5-PRB clone (1) cells were co-transfected with ER� and PRE-Luc vectors. After 24 h starvation in 1% chFCS, cells were incubated with MPA for another 24 h and the activity of luciferase was evaluated.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Synthetic progesterone used in contraception drugs (progestins) can promote breast cancer growth, but the mechanisms involved are unknown. Moreover, it remains unclear whether cytoplasmic interactions between the progesterone receptor (PR) and estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) are required for PR activation. In this study, we used a murine progestin-dependent tumor to investigate the role of ERα in progestin-induced tumor cell proliferation. We found that treatment with the progestin medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) induced the expression and activation of ERα, as well as rapid nuclear colocalization of activated ERα with PR. Treatment with the pure antiestrogen fulvestrant to block ERα disrupted the interaction of ERα and PR in vitro and induced the regression of MPA-dependent tumor growth in vivo. ERα blockade also prevented an MPA-induced increase in CYCLIN D1 (CCND1) and MYC expression. Chromatin immunoprecipitation studies showed that MPA triggered binding of ERα and PR to the CCND1 and MYC promoters. Interestingly, blockade or RNAi-mediated silencing of ERα inhibited ERα, but not PR binding to both regulatory sequences, indicating that an interaction between ERα and PR at these sites is necessary for MPA-induced gene expression and cell proliferation. We confirmed that nuclear colocalization of both receptors also occurred in human breast cancer samples. Together, our findings argued that ERα–PR association on target gene promoters is essential for progestin-induced cell proliferation. Cancer Res; 72(9); 2416–27. ©2012 AACR.

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