American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr161357-sup-167052_1_supp_3672272_jdrf4s.docx (126.11 kB)

Supplementary Figure 4 from Neoadjuvant Enzalutamide Prior to Prostatectomy

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 19:40 authored by Bruce Montgomery, Maria S. Tretiakova, Anthony M. Joshua, Martin E. Gleave, Neil Fleshner, Glenn J. Bubley, Elahe A. Mostaghel, Kim N. Chi, Daniel W. Lin, Martin Sanda, William Novotny, Kenneth Wu, Philip W. Kantoff, Brett T. Marck, Stephen Plymate, Steven P. Balk, Peter S. Nelson, Alvin M. Matsumoto, Rosina T. Lis, Adam Kibel, Gabriel P. Haas, Andrew Krivoshik, Alison Hannah, Mary-Ellen Taplin

Figure S4. Correlation of immunohistochemical expression of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) after enza or enza/dut/LHRHa with residual cancer burden (RCB). A tissue microarray comprising cores of cancer tissue from each patient was analyzed for RCB and nuclear expression of GR expressed as total proportion of GR-positive tumor nuclei in (A) enza-treated and (B) enza/dut/LHRHa-treated patients. P values were calculated using the nonparametric Mann-Whitney test.


Pacific Northwest Prostate Cancer

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Foundation



Purpose: Prostate cancer is dependent on androgen receptor (AR) activation. Optimal AR antagonism may effectively cytoreduce local disease and suppress or eliminate micrometastases. We evaluated neoadjuvant therapy prior to prostatectomy with the potent AR antagonist enzalutamide (enza) either alone or in combination with dutasteride (dut) and leuprolide (enza/dut/luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogues [LHRHa]).Experimental Design: Forty-eight of 52 men with intermediate or high-risk localized prostate cancer proceeded to prostatectomy after neoadjuvant enzalutamide or enza/dut/LHRHa for 6 months. We assessed pathologic complete response (pCR), minimal residual disease (MRD; ≤3 mm maximum diameter of residual disease), residual cancer burden (RCB), and expression of PSA and serum and tissue androgen concentrations. We compared the proportion of patients with pCR in each treatment arm with a historical control rate of 5%, based on previous reports of flutamide with LHRHa.Results: In the enzalutamide arm, none of the 25 patients achieved pCR or MRD. In the enza/dut/LHRHa arm, one of 23 patients (4.3%) achieved pCR and 3 of 23 (13.0%) achieved MRD. Median RCB was higher in the enzalutamide arm than in the enza/dut/LHRHa arm (0.41 cm3 vs. 0.06 cm3, respectively). Tissue testosterone and dihydrotestosterone levels correlated with RCB. No adverse events leading to study drug discontinuation were reported.Conclusions: Combination therapy with enza/dut/LHRHa resulted in pCR and MRD rates comparable with historical controls. Evidence of continued AR activity in residual tumor suggests that AR signaling may contribute to survival. Strategies to more effectively ablate AR activity are warranted to determine whether more substantial antitumor effects are observed. Clin Cancer Res; 23(9); 2169–76. ©2016 AACR.

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