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10780432ccr121800-sup-fig4.pdf (30.1 kB)

Supplementary Figure 4 from A Randomized Phase II Trial of Vismodegib versus Placebo with FOLFOX or FOLFIRI and Bevacizumab in Patients with Previously Untreated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

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posted on 2023-03-31, 17:04 authored by Jordan Berlin, Johanna C. Bendell, Lowell L. Hart, Irfan Firdaus, Ira Gore, Robert C. Hermann, Mary F. Mulcahy, Mark M. Zalupski, Howard M. Mackey, Robert L. Yauch, Richard A. Graham, Gordon L. Bray, Jennifer A. Low

PDF file - 30K, Estimated maximal concentration (Cmax) and total area under the concentration-time curve (AUClast) of total and free oxaliplatin with and without vismodegib

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: Vismodegib, a Hedgehog pathway inhibitor, has preclinical activity in colorectal cancer (CRC) models. This trial assessed the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of adding vismodegib to first-line treatment for metastatic CRC (mCRC).Experimental design: Patients were randomized to receive vismodegib (150 mg/day orally) or placebo, in combination with FOLFOX or FOLFIRI chemotherapy plus bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) every 2 weeks until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Key secondary objectives included evaluation of predictive biomarkers and pharmacokinetic drug interactions.Results: A total of 199 patients with mCRC were treated on protocol (124 FOLFOX, 75 FOLFIRI). The median PFS hazard ratio (HR) for vismodegib treatment compared with placebo was 1.25 (90% CI: 0.89–1.76; P = 0.28). The overall response rates for placebo-treated and vismodegib-treated patients were 51% (90% CI: 43–60) and 46% (90% CI: 37–55), respectively. No vismodegib-associated benefit was observed in combination with either FOLFOX or FOLFIRI. Increased tumor tissue Hedgehog expression did not predict clinical benefit. Grade 3 to 5 adverse events reported for more than 5% of patients that occurred more frequently in the vismodegib-treated group were fatigue, nausea, asthenia, mucositis, peripheral sensory neuropathy, weight loss, decreased appetite, and dehydration. Vismodegib did not alter the pharmacokinetics of FOLFOX, FOLFIRI, or bevacizumab.Conclusions: Vismodegib does not add to the efficacy of standard therapy for mCRC. Compared with placebo, treatment intensity was lower for all regimen components in vismodegib-treated patients, suggesting that combined toxicity may have contributed to lack of efficacy. Clin Cancer Res; 19(1); 258–67. ©2012 AACR.

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