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Supplementary Figure 3 from Peptide Vaccination Breaks Tolerance to HER-2/neu by Generating Vaccine-Specific FasL+ CD4+ T Cells: First Evidence for Intratumor Apoptotic Regulatory T Cells

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posted on 2023-03-30, 20:10 authored by Angelos D. Gritzapis, Ioannis F. Voutsas, Eftychia Lekka, Michael Papamichail, Constantin N. Baxevanis
Supplementary Figure 3 from Peptide Vaccination Breaks Tolerance to HER-2/neu by Generating Vaccine-Specific FasL+ CD4+ T Cells: First Evidence for Intratumor Apoptotic Regulatory T Cells

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

BALB/c mice transgenic (Tg) for the transforming rat neu oncogene (BALB-neuT) are genetically predestined to develop mammary carcinogenesis in a process similar to that in humans. We crossed HLA-A2.1/HLA-DR1 (A2.1/DR1) Tg mice with BALB-neuT mice to generate A2.1/DR1 × BALB-neuT triple Tg (A2.1/DR1 × neuT+) mice, which represent an improvement over BALB-neuT mice for evaluating vaccination regimens to overcome tolerance against HER-2/neu. A vaccine formulation strategy, consisting of synthetic peptides from the rat HER-2/neu oncogene combined with granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor, was highly effective in preventing the growth of established transplantable tumors in male A2.1/DR1 × neuT+ mice. Vaccination with HER-2(435–443) (p435) CTL peptide alone induced weak antitumor responses, which were characterized by increased numbers of regulatory T cells (Treg) and low numbers of vaccine-specific CD8+ CTL and helper T cells (Th). The administration of p435 plus HER-2(776–790) (p776; helper peptide) reversed this situation, inducing functionally active, peptide-specific CTL and Th. There was a striking change in the intratumoral balance of Tregs (decrease) and vaccine-specific Th (increase) that directly correlated with tumor rejection. Intratumoral administration of anti-FasL antibody promoted tumor growth. The decrease in Tregs (Fas+) was due to apoptosis induced by cell contact with Fas ligand+ (L)+ Th. Mice vaccinated with p435 plus p776 exhibited long-lasting antitumor immunity. Our vaccine regimen also significantly delayed the outgrowth of mammary carcinomas in female A2.1/DR1 × neuT+ animals. We provide a mechanism to overcome tolerance against HER-2/neu, which proposes a combined vaccination with two (Th and CTL) HER-2 peptides against HER-2/neu–expressing tumors. Cancer Res; 70(7); 2686–96

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