PDF file - 113K, TAK1 inhibition decreases cell proliferation in Kras+ cells. Indicated cell lines were seeded in E-plate-16 (Roche) at 3000 cells/well/100μl. 24hours after plating, cells were treated with TAK1 inhibitor 5Z-7-oxozaenol (0.625μM), or vehicle control, DMSO. Cell impedance was measured every 2 hours for the entire course of experiment using RTCA.
ARTICLE ABSTRACTMutations in KRAS drive the oncogenic phenotype in a variety of tumors of epithelial origin. The NF-κB transcription factor pathway is important for oncogenic RAS to transform cells and to drive tumorigenesis in animal models. Recently, TGF-β–activated kinase 1 (TAK1), an upstream regulator of IκB kinase (IKK), which controls canonical NF-κB signaling, was shown to be important for chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer and for regulating KRAS-mutant colorectal cancer cell growth and survival. Here, we show that mutant KRAS upregulates glycogen synthase kinase 3α (GSK-3α), leading to its interaction with TAK1 to stabilize the TAK1–TAB complex to promote IKK activity. In addition, GSK-3α is required for promoting critical noncanonical NF-κB signaling in pancreatic cancer cells. Pharmacologic inhibition of GSK-3 suppresses growth of human pancreatic tumor explants, consistent with the loss of expression of oncogenic genes such as c-myc and TERT. These data identify GSK-3α as a key downstream effector of oncogenic KRAS via its ability to coordinately regulate distinct NF-κB signaling pathways.Significance: GSK-3α functions to promote IKK/NF-κB activity downstream of oncogenic KRAS via stabilization and activation of the TAK1/TAB complex and to promote noncanonical NF-κB activity via control of nuclear levels of NF-κB2. Inhibition of GSK-3 strongly suppresses growth of human pancreatic tumor explants with downregulation of certain oncogenic NF-κB target genes such as c-myc and TERT. Cancer Discov; 3(6); 690–703. ©2013 AACR.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 591