American Association for Cancer Research
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10780432ccr140307-sup-fig3.pdf (210.26 kB)

Supplementary Figure 3 from Ectopic Expression of Cancer–Testis Antigens in Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Patients

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 18:16 authored by Ivan V. Litvinov, Brendan Cordeiro, Yuanshen Huang, Hanieh Zargham, Kevin Pehr, Marc-André Doré, Martin Gilbert, Youwen Zhou, Thomas S. Kupper, Denis Sasseville

PDF file - 211KB, T cell stimulation with P+I does not result in a significant mRNA upregulation of CT genes across a panel of CTCL patient-derived cell lines.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: The pathogenesis of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) remains only partially understood. A number of recent studies attempted to identify novel diagnostic markers and future therapeutic targets. One group of antigens, cancer–testis (CT) antigens, normally present solely in testicular germ cells, can be ectopically expressed in a variety of cancers. Currently, only a few studies attempted to investigate the expression of CT antigens in CTCL.Experimental Design: In the present work, we test the expression of CT genes in a cohort of patients with CTCL, normal skin samples, skin from benign inflammatory dermatoses, and in patient-derived CTCL cells. We correlate such expression with the p53 status and explore molecular mechanisms behind their ectopic expression in these cells.Results: Our findings demonstrate that SYCP1, SYCP3, REC8, SPO11, and GTSF1 genes are heterogeneously expressed in patients with CTCL and patient-derived cell lines, whereas cTAGE1 (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 1) was found to be robustly expressed in both. Mutated p53 status did not appear to be a requirement for the ectopic expression of CT antigens. While T-cell stimulation resulted in a significant upregulation of STAT3 and JUNB expression, it did not significantly alter the expression of CT antigens. Treatment of CTCL cells in vitro with vorinostat or romidepsin histone deacetylase inhibitors resulted in a significant dose-dependent upregulation of mRNA but not protein. Further expression analysis demonstrated that SYCP1, cTAGE1, and GTSF1 were expressed in CTCL, but not in normal skin or benign inflammatory dermatoses.Conclusions: A number of CT genes are ectopically expressed in patients with CTCL and can be used as biomarkers or novel targets for immunotherapy. Clin Cancer Res; 20(14); 3799–808. ©2014 AACR.