Supplementary Figure 3 from Chemotherapy-Induced Genotoxic Stress Promotes Sensitivity to Natural Killer Cell Cytotoxicity by Enabling Missing-Self Recognition
ARTICLE ABSTRACTNatural killer (NK) cells can recognize and kill tumor cells lacking “self” markers, such as class I MHC, but the basis for this recognition is not completely understood. NKR-P1 receptors are members of the C-type lectin-related NK receptor superfamily that are conserved from rodents to humans. Identification of Clr ligands for the NKR-P1 receptors has facilitated functional analysis of MHC-independent target cell recognition by NK cells. One receptor-ligand pair, NKR-P1B:Clr-b, can mediate “missing-self” recognition of tumor and infected cells, but the role of this axis in sensing stressed cells remains unknown. Here, we show that Clr-b is rapidly downregulated in cells undergoing genotoxic and cellular stress at the level of both RNA and surface protein. Stress-mediated loss of Clr-b on leukemia cells enhanced cytotoxicity mediated by NKR-P1B+ NK cells. Notably, Clr-b downregulation was coordinated functionally with stress-mediated upregulation of NKG2D ligands (but not class I MHC). Our findings highlight a unique role for the MHC-independent NKR-P1B:Clr-b missing-self axis in recognition of stressed cells, and provide evidence of two independent levels of Clr-b regulation in stressed cells. Cancer Res; 70(18); 7102–13. ©2010 AACR.