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10780432ccr122426-sup-fig3b.pdf (386.94 kB)

Supplementary Figure 3B from Cetuximab-Activated Natural Killer and Dendritic Cells Collaborate to Trigger Tumor Antigen–Specific T-cell Immunity in Head and Neck Cancer Patients

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posted on 2023-03-31, 18:08 authored by Raghvendra M. Srivastava, Steve C. Lee, Pedro A. Andrade Filho, Christopher A. Lord, Hyun-Bae Jie, H. Carter Davidson, Andrés López-Albaitero, Sandra P. Gibson, William E. Gooding, Soldano Ferrone, Robert L. Ferris

PDF file - 386K, Importance of IFN-γ released by cetuximab activated NK cells in the enhancement of DC maturation.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: Tumor antigen–specific monoclonal antibodies (mAb) block oncogenic signaling and induce Fcγ receptor (FcγR)–mediated cytotoxicity. However, the role of CD8+ CTL and FcγR in initiating innate and adaptive immune responses in mAb-treated human patients with cancer is still emerging.Experimental Design: FcγRIIIa codon 158 polymorphism was correlated with survival in 107 cetuximab-treated patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Flow cytometry was carried out to quantify EGF receptor (EGFR)–specific T cells in cetuximab-treated patients with HNC. The effect of cetuximab on natural killer (NK) cell, dendritic cell (DC), and T-cell activation was measured using IFN-γ release assays and flow cytometry.Results: FcγRIIIa polymorphism did not predict clinical outcome in cetuximab-treated patients with HNC; however, elevated circulating EGFR853–861–specific CD8+ T cells were found in cetuximab-treated patients with HNC (P < 0.005). Cetuximab promoted EGFR-specific cellular immunity through the interaction of EGFR+ tumor cells and FcγRIIIa on NK cells but not on the polymorphism per se. Cetuximab-activated NK cells induced IFN-γ–dependent expression of DC maturation markers, antigen processing machinery components such as TAP-1/2 and T-helper cell (TH1) chemokines through NKG2D/MICA binding. Cetuximab initiated adaptive immune responses via NK cell–induced DC maturation, which enhanced cross-presentation to CTL specific for EGFR as well as another tumor antigen, MAGE-3.Conclusion: Cetuximab-activated NK cells promote DC maturation and CD8+ T-cell priming, leading to tumor antigen spreading and TH1 cytokine release through “NK–DC cross-talk.” FcγRIIIa polymorphism did not predict clinical response to cetuximab but was necessary for NK–DC interaction and mAb-induced cross-presentation. EGFR-specific T cells in cetuximab-treated patients with HNC may contribute to clinical response. Clin Cancer Res; 19(7); 1858–72. ©2013 AACR.

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