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Supplementary Figure 2 from Surveillance of the Tumor Mutanome by T Cells during Progression from Primary to Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

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posted on 2023-03-31, 17:28 authored by Darin A. Wick, John R. Webb, Julie S. Nielsen, Spencer D. Martin, David R. Kroeger, Katy Milne, Mauro Castellarin, Kwame Twumasi-Boateng, Peter H. Watson, Rob A. Holt, Brad H. Nelson

PDF file - 248K, Patients 1 and 2 failed to respond to any of the mutant peptides at any of the time points.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: Cancers accumulate mutations over time, each of which brings the potential for recognition by the immune system. We evaluated T-cell recognition of the tumor mutanome in patients with ovarian cancer undergoing standard treatment.Experimental Design: Tumor-associated T cells from 3 patients with ovarian cancer were assessed by ELISPOT for recognition of nonsynonymous mutations identified by whole exome sequencing of autologous tumor. The relative levels of mutations and responding T cells were monitored in serial tumor samples collected at primary surgery and first and second recurrence.Results: The vast majority of mutations (78/79) were not recognized by tumor-associated T cells; however, a highly specific CD8+ T-cell response to the mutation hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase–like protein 1 (HSDL1)L25V was detected in one patient. In the primary tumor, the HSDL1L25V mutation had low prevalence and expression, and a corresponding T-cell response was undetectable. At first recurrence, there was a striking increase in the abundance of the mutation and corresponding MHC class I epitope, and this was accompanied by the emergence of the HSDL1L25V-specific CD8+ T-cell response. At second recurrence, the HSDL1L25V mutation and epitope continued to be expressed; however, the corresponding T-cell response was no longer detectable.Conclusion: The immune system can respond to the evolving ovarian cancer genome. However, the T-cell response detected here was rare, was transient, and ultimately failed to prevent disease progression. These findings reveal the limitations of spontaneous tumor immunity in the setting of standard treatments and suggest a high degree of ignorance of tumor mutations that could potentially be reversed by immunotherapy. Clin Cancer Res; 20(5); 1125–34. ©2013 AACR.

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