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Supplementary Figure 2 from Long-Term Survival Analysis of Adjuvant Chemotherapy with or without Trastuzumab in Patients with T1, Node-Negative HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

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posted on 2023-03-31, 21:08 authored by Xuexin He, Jiali Ji, Mei Tian, Francisco J. Esteva, Gabriel N. Hortobagyi, Sai-Ching Jim Yeung

Supplementary Figure S2. Tumor size cutoff and standardized Wilcoxon statistic for (A) disease-free survival (DFS), (B) overall survival (OS), (C) breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS), and (D) distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS) in patients with pT1N0M0 HER2-positive breast cancer.

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MD Anderson Cancer Center

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Adjuvant therapy for small, node-negative HER2-positive breast cancer (HER2+ BC) is controversial. We aimed to identify the subgroup that would benefit most from adjuvant chemotherapy and trastuzumab. We reviewed records of patients with pT1N0M0 HER2+ BC treated at our institution from January 1, 1998, through October 31, 2009. We compared three groups: A, no adjuvant chemotherapy; B, adjuvant chemotherapy only; and C, adjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab. We evaluated disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS), and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) in each group. We reviewed 587 consecutive patients with a median follow-up of 123.0 months. The 10-year DFS rate was 81.0%, 65.4%, and 97.3% in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P < 0.001). The restricted mean survival time ratio did not differ between groups A and B [ratio = 0.982; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.930–1.036; P = 0.498). Cox regression showed that adjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab was associated with better DFS compared with no adjuvant chemotherapy [hazard ratio (HR), 0.071; 95% CI, 0.025–0.204; P < 0.001). Larger tumor size was associated with short DFS (HR, 2.384; 95% CI, 1.549–3.056; P < 0.001); improvements in DFS, OS, DRFS, and BCSS were observed with adjuvant chemotherapy plus trastuzumab in patients with tumors ≥0.8-cm diameter. Receiving adjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab was not associated with improved DFS, OS, or DRFS for tumors <0.8 cm. Adjuvant chemotherapy plus trastuzumab should be recommended for patients with pT1N0M0 HER2+ BC ≥0.8 cm in diameter; adjuvant therapy may not be necessary for tumors <0.8 cm.

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