PDF file - 40K, Unsupervised hierarchical clustering of gene expression data from endometrial carcinoma. The pStathmin(S38) high cases are significantly overrepresented in two of the clusters with aggressive tumors.
ARTICLE ABSTRACTPurpose: High Stathmin expression has recently been associated with clinical progress in endometrial cancers. Stathmin protein activity is modulated by phosphorylation, and the Serine38 site is one of four Stathmin phospho-sites. The presence and significance of pStathmin(S38) is largely unknown in human cancers, and we here examined the associations between this marker and tumor cell proliferation, clinicopathologic phenotype, and survival impact in endometrial cancer. A relationship with possible treatment targets was explored by integrated analysis of transcriptional alterations.Experimental Design: Primary endometrial cancers from two independent patient series (n = 518/n = 286) were analyzed. Biomarkers were assessed by immunohistochemistry, FISH, flow cytometry, DNA oligonucleotide microarray, single-nucleotide polymorphism array, and Sanger sequencing, and related to clinicopathologic annotations and follow-up information.Results: High pStathmin(S38) level was associated with poor prognosis, independent of other features, and correlated to increased tumor cell proliferation as well as high Stathmin levels. On the basis of transcriptional differences between high/low pStathmin(S38) tumors, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/mTOR/HSP90 were suggested as possible targets in pStathmin(S38)-high cases. High pStathmin(S38) was associated with several PI3K pathway alterations: amplification of the 3q26 region, increased PIK3CA copy number (FISH) and a PI3K activation score (all P < 0.05).Conclusions: High pStathmin(S38) is a novel biomarker of increased tumor cell proliferation and impaired prognosis as reported here for independent cohorts of endometrial cancer and not previously shown in human cancer. Our data support a rationale for further studies exploring effects of drugs inhibiting the PI3K signaling pathway in pStathmin(S38)-high endometrial cancer, including a potential value of pStathmin(S38) in predicting response to PI3K/mTOR/HSP90 inhibitors. Clin Cancer Res; 19(9); 2331–41. ©2013 AACR.