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Supplementary Figure 2 from HERC2 Is an E3 Ligase That Targets BRCA1 for Degradation

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posted on 2023-03-30, 19:27 authored by Wenwen Wu, Ko Sato, Ayaka Koike, Hiroyuki Nishikawa, Hirotaka Koizumi, Ashok R. Venkitaraman, Tomohiko Ohta
Supplementary Figure 2 from HERC2 Is an E3 Ligase That Targets BRCA1 for Degradation

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

The breast cancer suppressor BRCA1 forms a stable heterodimeric E3 ubiquitin ligase with BARD1. Each protein controls the abundance and stability of the other, and loss of the interaction leads to BRCA1 degradation. Here, we show that HERC2, a protein recently implicated in DNA damage repair, targets BARD1-uncoupled BRCA1 for degradation. HERC2 shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Its COOH-terminal HECT-containing domain interacts with an NH2-terminal degron domain in BRCA1. HERC2 ubiquitinates BRCA1; this reaction depends on Cys4762 of HERC2, the catalytic ubiquitin binding site, and the degron of BRCA1. The HERC2-BRCA1 interaction is maximal during the S phase of the cell cycle and rapidly diminishes as cells enter G2-M, inversely correlated with the steady-state level of BRCA1. Significantly, HERC2 depletion antagonizes the effects of BARD1 depletion by restoring BRCA1 expression and G2-M checkpoint activity. Conversely, BARD1 protects BRCA1 from HERC2-mediated ubiquitination. Collectively, our findings identify a function for HERC2 in regulating BRCA1 stability in opposition to BARD1. The HERC2 expression in breast epithelial cells and breast carcinomas suggests that this mechanism may play a role in breast carcinogenesis. Cancer Res; 70(15); 6384–92. ©2010 AACR.