American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr191266-sup-220809_2_supp_5763754_pxknzf.pdf (3.89 MB)

Supplementary Figure 2 from Epigenetic EGFR Gene Repression Confers Sensitivity to Therapeutic BRAFV600E Blockade in Colon Neuroendocrine Carcinomas

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-31, 21:21 authored by Jaume Capdevila, Oriol Arqués, Jose Ramón Hernández Mora, Judit Matito, Ginevra Caratù, Francesco M. Mancuso, Stefania Landolfi, Jorge Barriuso, Paula Jimenez-Fonseca, Carlos Lopez Lopez, Rocio Garcia-Carbonero, Jorge Hernando, Ignacio Matos, Nuciforo Paolo, Javier Hernández-Losa, Manel Esteller, Anna Martínez-Cardús, Josep Tabernero, Ana Vivancos, Héctor G. Palmer

Supplementary Figure 2


Neuroendocrine and Endocrine Tumors



The limited knowledge of the molecular alterations that characterize poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas has limited the clinical development of targeted agents directed to driver mutations. Here we aim to identify new molecular targets in colon neuroendocrine carcinomas (co-NEC) and proof the efficacy of matching drugs. We performed a multi-omic analysis of co-NEC to identify genetic or epigenetic alterations that could be exploited as effective drug targets. We compared co-NEC samples with colorectal carcinomas (CRC) to identify neuroendocrine-specific traits. Patients with co-NEC and patient-derived xenografts were treated with a BRAFV600E-blocking drug to demonstrate sensitivity. co-NEC and CRC are similar in their mutational repertoire, although co-NECs are particularly enriched in BRAFV600E mutations. We report for the first time that V600EBRAF-mutant co-NECs may benefit from BRAF inhibition in monotherapy and how EGFR status is essential to predict innate sensitivity and acquired resistance by a differential methylation of its gene regulatory regions. The identification of V600E BRAF mutations in high-grade co-NECs has allowed the description of radiological responses to combination therapy of BRAF and MEK inhibitors in basket clinical trials. However, the molecular rationale for this treatment combination was based on the presence of the BRAF mutation and the efficacy observed in other cancer types such as melanoma. Future drug development in this setting should test BRAF inhibitors upfront and the addition of anti-EGFR antibodies instead of MEK inhibitors for an efficient blockade of acquired resistance.